Sierra Leone

Long Name: Republic of Sierra Leone

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia

Area: 27,699 sq. mi. (71,740 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)

Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east

Population: 6,294,774

Population Growth Rate: 2.282%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 45.08

Death Rate (per 1,000): 22.26

Life Expectancy: 40.93 years

Ethnic Groups: 20 African ethnic groups 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians

Religion: Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

Literacy: 35.1%

Government Type: constitutional democracy

Capital: Freetown

Independence: 27 April 1961 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $600

Occupations: N/A

Currency: leone (SLL)


Long Name: Republic of Singapore

Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Area: 268 sq. mi. (693 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon -frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms

Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

Population: 4,608,167

Population Growth Rate: 1.135%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.99

Death Rate (per 1,000): 4.53

Life Expectancy: 81.89 years

Ethnic Groups: Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%

Religion: Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%

Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9%

Literacy: 92.5%

Government Type: parliamentary republic

Capital: Singapore

Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)

GDP Per Capita: $49,900

Occupations: manufacturing 21%, construction 5%, transportation and communication 7%, financial, business, and other services 42%, other 25%

Currency: Singapore dollar (SGD)


Long Name: Slovak Republic

Location: Central Europe, south of Poland

Area: 18,859 sq. mi. (48,845 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Terrain: rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south

Population: 5,455,407

Population Growth Rate: 0.143%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 10.64

Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.5

Life Expectancy: 75.17 years

Ethnic Groups: Slovak 85.8%, Hungarian 9.7%, Roma 1.7%, Ruthenian/ Ukrainian 1%, other and unspecified 1.8%

Religion: Roman Catholic 68.9%, Protestant 10.8%, Greek Catholic 4.1%, other or unspecified 3.2%, none 13%

Languages: Slovak (official) 83.9%, Hungarian 10.7%, Roma 1.8%, Ukrainian 1%, other or unspecified 2.6%

Literacy: 99.6%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Bratislava

Independence: 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia)

GDP Per Capita: $20,200

Occupations: agriculture 5.8%, industry 29.3%, construction 9%, services 55.9%

Currency: Slovak koruna (SKK)

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