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South Africa

Long Name: Republic of South Africa

Location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa

Area: 471,008 sq. mi. (1,219,912 sq. km)

Climate: mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights

Terrain: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain

Population: 48,782,756

Population Growth Rate: 0.828%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 20.23

Death Rate (per 1,000): 16.94

Life Expectancy: 48.89 years

Ethnic Groups: black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5%

Religion: Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1%

Languages: IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2%

Literacy: 86.4%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Pretoria

Independence: 31 May 1910 (Union of South Africa formed from four British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange Free State); 31 May 1961 (republic declared) 27 April 1994 (majority rule)

GDP Per Capita: $9,700

Occupations: agriculture 9%, industry 26%, services 65%

Currency: rand (ZAR)

South Korea

Long Name: Republic of Korea

Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

Area: 38,023 sq. mi. (98,480 sq. km)

Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

Terrain: mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

Population: 48,379,392 Population Growth Rate: 0.269%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.09 Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.73 Life Expectancy: 78.64 years Ethnic Groups: homogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)

Religion: Christian 26.3% (Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist 23.2%, other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3%

Languages: Korean, English widely taught in junior high and high school

Literacy: 97.9%

Government Type: republic Capital: Seoul

Independence: 15 August 1945 (from Japan)

GDP Per Capita: $25,000

Occupations: agriculture 7.5%, industry 17.3%, services 75.2%

Currency: South Korean won (KRW)

Spain

Long Name: Kingdom of Spain

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France

Area: 194,897 sq. mi. (504,782 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast

Terrain: large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north

Population: 40,491,052 Population Growth Rate: 0.096%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 9.87

Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.9

Life Expectancy: 79.92 years

Ethnic Groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Religion: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%

Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally

Literacy: 97.9%

Government Type: parliamentary monarchy

Capital: Madrid

Independence: the Iberian peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Muslim occupation that began in the early 8th century A.D. and lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the north began the reconquest almost immediately, culminating in the seizure of Granada in 1492; this event completed the unification of several kingdoms and is traditionally considered the forging of present-day Spain

GDP Per Capita: $33,600

Occupations: agriculture 5.3%, industry 30.1%, services 64.6%

Currency: euro (EUR)

 
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