Paris, France

Since 2014, the municipality of Paris has given its citizens the opportunity to decide on the use of 5% of its investment budget, which amounts to EUR 0.5 billion in 2014-20. The aim is to involve citizens in municipal politics to foster social cohesion and to learn their preferences. It builds on the principles of open government and promotes a stronger relationship between citizens, their representatives and the public institutions. In the 2015 edition of the participatory budget, participation was deepened by providing citizens with the opportunity to propose projects that would then be voted on (Maine de Paris, 2015). The project tries to harness the creative ideas of Parisians through the following process: 1) Parisians propose their ideas for investment projects on a website; 2) the municipality evaluates the feasibility of the proposal; and 3) project proposals are submitted to a vote.

Sources: Guidara A. (2015), Le Budget Participatif: Un pas vers la democratie locale en Tunisie (l ’experience de la commune de Sfax), vers-la-democratie-locale-en-tunisie-l-experience-de-la-commune-de-sfax; OECD (2016a), Open Government: The Global Context and the Way Forward, OECD Publishing, Paris,

The successful pilot project conducted by MoMA provides an example that other municipalities in Jordan could follow. It combines the practical learning experience of participating in a democratic procedure with assuming actual decision-making power and responsibility, and hence represents the kind of popular participation that decentralisation reform seeks to promote. Good practice examples and success stories can help in overcoming potential resistance or scepticism among local authorities and community members.

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