Sri Lanka

Table of Contents:

Long Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Location: Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India

Area: 25,332 sq. mi. (65,610 sq. km)

Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)

Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

Population: 21,128,772 Population Growth Rate: 0.943%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 16.63

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.07

Life Expectancy: 74.97 years

Ethnic Groups: Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10%

Religion: Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10%

Languages: Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%, English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population

Literacy: 90.7%

Government Type: republic Capital: Colombo

Independence: 4 February 1948 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $4,000

Occupations: agriculture 34.3%, industry 25.3%, services 40.4%

Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)


Long Name: Republic of the Sudan

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea

Area: 967,494 sq. mi. (2,505,810 sq. km)

Climate: tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)

Terrain: generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north

Population: 40,218,456

Population Growth Rate: 2.134%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 34.31

Death Rate (per 1,000): 13.64

Life Expectancy: 50.28 years

Ethnic Groups: black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%

Religion: Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum), indigenous beliefs 25%

Languages: Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English

Literacy: 61.1%

Government Type: Government of

National Unity (GNU) - the National

Congress Party (NCP) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) formed a power-sharing government under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace

Agreement (CPA); the NCP, which came to power by military coup in 1989, is the majority partner; the agreement stipulates national elections in 2009

Capital: Khartoum

Independence: 1 January 1956 (from Egypt and United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $1,900

Occupations: agriculture 80%, industry 7%, services 13%

Currency: Sudanese pounds (SDG)


Long Name: Republic of Suriname

Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana

Area: 63,039 sq. mi. (163,270 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

Terrain: mostly rolling hills; narrow coastal plain with swamps

Population: 475,996 Population Growth Rate: 1.099%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.02

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.51

Life Expectancy: 73.48 years

Ethnic Groups: Hindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%

Religion: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian),

Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%

Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese

Literacy: 89.6%

Government Type: constitutional democracy

Capital: Paramaribo

Independence: 25 November 1975 (from the Netherlands)

GDP Per Capita: $8,700

Occupations: agriculture 8%, industry 14%, services 78%

Currency: Surinam dollar (SRD)

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