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Taiwan

Long Name: Taiwan

Location: Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China

Area: 13,892 sq. mi. (35,980 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year

Terrain: eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west

Population: 22,920,946 Population Growth Rate: 0.238%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 8.99

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.65

Life Expectancy: 77.76 years

Ethnic Groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%

Religion: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%

Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Literacy: 96.1%

Government Type: multiparty democracy

Capital: Taipei

Independence: Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, two million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1946 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. Taiwan is functionally independent of China and has diplomatic relations with many countries, but China still claims it as officially part of the People's Republic of China.

GDP Per Capita: $30,100

Occupations: agriculture 5.3%, industry 36.8%, services 57.9%

Currency: New Taiwan dollar (TWD)

Tajikistan

Long Name: Republic of Tajikistan

Location: Central Asia, west of China

Area: 55,251 sq. mi. (143,100 sq. km)

Climate: mid-latitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

Terrain: Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

Population: 7,211,884

Population Growth Rate: 1.893%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 27.18

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.94

Life Expectancy: 64.97 years

Ethnic Groups: Tajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6%

Religion: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10%

Languages: Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Literacy: 99.5%

Government Type: republic Capital: Dushanbe

Independence: 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $1,600

Occupations: agriculture 67.2%, industry 7.5%, services 25.3%

Currency: somoni (TJS)

Tanzania

Long Name: United Republic of Tanzania

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

Area: 364,898 sq. mi. (945,087 sq. km)

Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Population: 40,213,160 Population Growth Rate: 2.072%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 35.12

Death Rate (per 1,000): 12.92

Life Expectancy: 51.45 years

Ethnic Groups: mainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African

Religion: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim

Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages

Literacy: 69.4%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Dar es Salaam

Independence: 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from United Kingdom-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from United Kingdom); Tan ganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964

GDP Per Capita: $1,300

Occupations: agriculture 80%, industry and services 20%

Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

 
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