Long Name: Kingdom of Thailand

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

Area: 198,456 sq. mi. (514,000 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

Terrain: central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

Population: 65,493,296 Population Growth Rate: 0.64%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 13.57 Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.17

Life Expectancy: 72.83 years

Ethnic Groups: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%

Religion: Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1%

Languages: Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Literacy: 92.6%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Bangkok

Independence: 1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)

GDP Per Capita: $8,000

Occupations: agriculture 49%, industry 14%, services 37%

Currency: baht (THB)


Long Name: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Location: Southeastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - Timor-Leste includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco

Area: 5,794 sq. mi. (15,007 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons

Terrain: mountainous

Population: 1,108,777 Population Growth Rate: 2.05%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 26.52

Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.02

Life Expectancy: 66.94 years

Ethnic Groups: Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority

Religion: Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1%

Languages: Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English, there are about 16 indigenous languages (Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people)

Literacy: 58.6%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Dili

Independence: 28 November 1975 (independence proclaimed from Portugal);

20 May 2002 is the official date of

international recognition of Timor-Leste's independence from Indonesia

GDP Per Capita: $2,500

Occupations: N/A

Currency: US dollar (USD)


Long Name: Togolese Republic

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

Area: 21,925 sq. mi. (56,785 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

Terrain: gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes

Population: 5,858,673 Population Growth Rate: 2.717%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 36.66

Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.48

Life Expectancy: 58.28 years

Ethnic Groups: African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe,

Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%

Religion: Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%

Languages: French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Literacy: 60.9%

Government Type: republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule

Capital: Lome

Independence: 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

GDP Per Capita: $900

Occupations: agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30%

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF)


Long Name: Kingdom of Tonga

Location: Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Area: 289 sq. mi. (748 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)

Terrain: most islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base

Population: 119,009 Population Growth Rate: 1.669%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 21.81 Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.12

Life Expectancy: 70.44 years

Ethnic Groups: Polynesian, Europeans

Religion: Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents)

Languages: Tongan, English

Literacy: 98.9%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Nukmu'alofa

Independence: 4 June 1970 (from United Kingdom protectorate)

GDP Per Capita: $5,100

Occupations: agriculture 65%, industry and services 35%

Currency: pa'anga (TOP)

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