Trinidad and Tobago

Long Name: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Area: 1,980 sq. mi. (5,128 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Population: 1,047,366

Population Growth Rate: -0.891%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 13.22

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.93

Life Expectancy: 67 years

Ethnic Groups: Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8%

Religion: Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9%

Languages: English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese

Literacy: 98.6%

Government Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port-of-Spain

Independence: 31 August 1962 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $25,400

Occupations: agriculture 4%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 12.9%, construction and utilities 17.5%, services 65.6%

Currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar



Long Name: Tunisian Republic

Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya

Area: 63,170 sq. mi. (163,610 sq. km)

Climate: temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south

Terrain: mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

Population: 10,383,577 Population Growth Rate: 0.989%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 15.5

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.17

Life Expectancy: 75.56 years

Ethnic Groups: Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Religion: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Languages: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Literacy: 74.3%

Government Type: republic

Capital: Tunis

Independence: 20 March 1956 (from France)

GDP Per Capita: $7,400

Occupations: agriculture 55%, industry 23%, services 22%

Currency: Tunisian dinar (TND)


Long Name: Republic of Turkey

Location: Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

Area: 301,382 sq. mi. (780,580 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

Terrain: high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges

Population: 71,892,808

Population Growth Rate: 1.013% Birth Rate (per 1,000): 16.15 Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.02 Life Expectancy: 73.14 years

Ethnic Groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20%

Religion: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2%

Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (or Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian, there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the European part of Turkey

Literacy: 87.4%

Government Type: republican parliamentary democracy

Capital: Ankara

Independence: 29 October 1923

GDP Per Capita: $12,000

Occupations: agriculture 35.9%, industry 22.8%, services 41.2%

Currency: Turkish lira (TRY)


Long Name: Turkmenistan

Location: Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan

Area: 188,456 sq. mi. (488,100 sq. km)

Climate: subtropical desert

Terrain: flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west

Population: 5,179,571 Population Growth Rate: 1.596%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 25.07 Death Rate (per 1,000): 6.11

Life Expectancy: 68.6 years

Ethnic Groups: Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6%

Religion: Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

Languages: Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Literacy: 98.8%

Government Type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Capital: Ashgabat

Independence: 27 October 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $5,300

Occupations: agriculture 48.2%, industry 14%, services 37.8%

Currency: Turkmen manat (TMM)

< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >