United Arab Emirates

Table of Contents:

Long Name: United Arab Emirates

Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

Area: 32,278 sq. mi. (83,600 sq. km)

Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains

Terrain: flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert wasteland; mountains in east

Population: 4,621,399 Population Growth Rate: 3.833%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 16.06

Death Rate (per 1,000): 2.13

Life Expectancy: 75.89 years

Ethnic Groups: Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8%

Religion: Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4%

Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Literacy: 77.9%

Government Type: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates

Capital: Abu Dhabi

Independence: 2 December 1971 (from United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $37,000

Occupations: agriculture 7%, industry 15%, services 78%

Currency: Emirati dirham (AED)

United Kingdom

Long Name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Location: Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France

Area: 94,525 sq. mi. (244,820 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast

Terrain: mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast

Population: 60,943,912 Population Growth Rate: 0.276%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 10.65

Death Rate (per 1,000): 10.05

Life Expectancy: 78.85 years

Ethnic Groups: white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%

Religion: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1%

Languages: English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: London

Independence: England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century; the union between England and Wales, begun in 1284 with the Statute of Rhuddlan, was not formalized until 1536 with an Act of Union; in another Act of Union in 1707, England and Scotland agreed to permanently join as Great Britain; the legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland was implemented in 1801, with the adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 formalized a partition of Ireland; six northern Irish counties remained part of the United Kingdom as Northern Ireland and the current name of the country, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, was adopted in 1927

GDP Per Capita: $35,000

Occupations: agriculture 1.4%, industry 18.2%, services 80.4%

Currency: British pound (GBP)

United States

Long Name: United States of America

Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico Area: 3,794,066 sq. mi. (9,826,630 sq. km)

Climate: mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains

Terrain: vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii

Population: 303,824,640

Population Growth Rate: 0.883%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.18

Death Rate (per 1,000): 8.27

Life Expectancy: 78.14 years

Ethnic Groups: white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61%

Religion: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%

Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%

Literacy: 99%

Government Type: Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition

Capital: Washington, DC

Independence: 4 July 1776 (from Great Britain)

GDP Per Capita: $45,800

Occupations: farming, forestry, and fishing 0.6%, manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts 22.6%, managerial, professional, and technical 35.5%, sales and office 24.8%, other services 16.5%

Currency: US dollar (USD)

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