Long Name: Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

Area: 68,039 sq. mi. (176,220 sq. km)

Climate: warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

Terrain: mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland

Population: 3,477,778

Population Growth Rate: 0.486% Birth Rate (per 1,000): 14.17 Death Rate (per 1,000): 9.12

Life Expectancy: 76.14 years

Ethnic Groups: white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)

Religion: Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1%

Languages: Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)

Literacy: 98%

Government Type: constitutional republic

Capital: Montevideo Independence: 25 August 1825

GDP Per Capita: $10,800

Occupations: agriculture 9%, industry 15%, services 76%

Currency: Uruguayan peso (UYU)


Long Name: Republic of Uzbekistan

Location: Central Asia, north of Afghanistan

Area: 172,741 sq. mi. (447,400 sq. km)

Climate: mostly mid-latitude desert, long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east

Terrain: mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat intensely irrigated river valleys along course of Amu Darya, Syr Darya (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon; Fergana Valley in east surrounded by mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking Aral Sea in west

Population: 27,345,026 Population Growth Rate: 0.965%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 17.99

Death Rate (per 1,000): 5.3

Life Expectancy: 71.69 years

Ethnic Groups: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5%

Religion: Muslim 88% (mostly Sunnis), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%

Languages: Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

Literacy: 99.3%

Government Type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Capital: Tashkent

Independence: 1 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

GDP Per Capita: $2,400

Occupations: agriculture 44%, industry 20%, services 36%

Currency: soum (UZS)


Long Name: Republic of Vanuatu

Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia

Area: 4,710 sq. mi. (12,200 sq. km)

Climate: tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from May to October; moderate rainfall from November to April; may be affected by cyclones from December to April

Terrain: mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains

Population: 215,446 Population Growth Rate: 1.434%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): 21.95 Death Rate (per 1,000): 7.61

Life Expectancy: 63.61 years

Ethnic Groups: Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5%

Religion: Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3%

Languages: local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7%

Literacy: 74%

Government Type: parliamentary republic

Capital: Port-Vila

Independence: 30 July 1980 (from France and United Kingdom)

GDP Per Capita: $3,900

Occupations: agriculture 65%, industry 5%, services 30%

Currency: vatu (VUV)

Vatican City

Long Name: State of the Vatican City, The Holy See

Location: Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)

Area: 0.17 sq. mi. (0.44 sq. km)

Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

Terrain: urban; low hill

Population: 824

Population Growth Rate: 0.003%

Birth Rate (per 1,000): N/A Death Rate (per 1,000): N/A

Life Expectancy: N/A

Ethnic Groups: Italians, Swiss, other

Religion: Roman Catholic

Languages: Italian, Latin, French, various other languages

Literacy: 100%

Government Type: ecclesiastical

Capital: Vatican City

Independence: 11 February 1929 (from Italy)

GDP Per Capita: N/A

Occupations: essentially services with a small amount of industry; nearly all dignitaries, priests, nuns, guards, and the approximately 3,000 lay workers live outside the Vatican

Currency: euro (EUR)

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