Case Study 7: Individual Interviews

D. Driscoll, C. Rupert, L. Golin, et al, “Promoting Prostate-Specific Antigen Informed Decision-Making: Evaluating Two Community-Level Interventions.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2008), 87-94 (see publication for references).

This study evaluated two community-level interventions to promote informed decisions about whether to be screened for prostate cancer with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Both interventions promoted informed PSA decision-making. One intervention (PSA-Only) consisted of educational information about prostate cancer and PSA test. The other (Men’s Health) included additional information about recognizing and preventing heart attack, stroke, and colon cancer. Data collected from in-depth individual interviews were collected from participants 6-12 months post-intervention to assess pre-/post- changes in PSA knowledge, intentions, and behaviors. An interview guide consisting of structured key questions and contextual probes was employed in interviews conducted in community settings, such as churches, hospitals, and community centers. The results were integrated with structured observations and survey results to assess the utility of both interventions in promoting informed PSA decision-making. The community-level interventions successfully engaged community participants in discussions, educated individuals, encouraged deliberation of information, and facilitated PSA test discussions with physicians.

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