Integrating migration into sectoral strategies will enhance migration’s role in development

Georgia already has a government body in the SCMI to help ensure policy coherence across its migration objectives. While the country's migration strategy includes discussing development, sectoral strategies often do not discuss migration. Ministries and local authorities in charge of these sectors are often unaware of the effects of their policies on different migration outcomes. Though authorities aim to make the agricultural sector more productive and competitive by providing vouchers, their aims may fall short if such vouchers enable workers to emigrate to another country. Authorities in the financial sector may be unaware that the limited financial inclusion in the country may be translating into a lower investment rate from remittances.

Therefore, greater awareness through data and analysis, and a more coherent policy framework across ministries and at different levels of government would get the most out of migration. Such a framework should be designed to better integrate migration into development strategies by considering migration in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of relevant sectoral development policies. This could be done within the context of the SCMI by instituting the review of sectoral strategies from each relevant ministry. More concretely, the SCMI itself should participate in ongoing discussions to design Georgia's strategies on, for instance, agricultural development as well as vocational education and training that inform the current national development strategy - “Georgia 2020” - and future versions.

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Georgia

© OECD/CRRC-Georgia 2017

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