A more coherent policy agenda can unlock the development potential of migration

The SCMI's current migration strategy, which covers 2016-20, highlights the role of migration in the development of the country. The SCMI has historically leaned on data and research to align the country's development objectives with those of migration. This study has added to this knowledge by collecting a large new body of primary data on migration in Georgia.

The analysis confirms that each of the various dimensions of migration examined - emigration, remittances and return migration - has something to offer Georgia's economic and social development, but that this potential is not being fully realised. Understanding the intentional or unintentional role of sectoral policies - especially those governing the labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services - in people's migration decisions will be a step forward in fulfilling this potential.

While Georgia does have a wide range of migration-specific policies, including a migration strategy, not all sectoral strategies fully take into account the effects of migration on their areas of competency and, conversely, the effects of their policies on migration. The way individual sectoral policies affect migration is not always straightforward, either, and it is a combination of policies that is more likely to influence the impact on migration. This interaction among public policies needs to be taken into account when drawing up a country's development strategy. This suggests the country would benefit from an even wider whole-of-government approach, integrating migration into the national development strategy.

Within this coherent approach, individual sectors have a role to play. This final section summarises the main policy recommendations for each sector studied in the IPPMD project in Georgia. A synthesis of policy recommendations stemming from the 10-country study is available in the IPPMD comparative report (OECD, 2017).

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