Integrate migration and development into labour market policies

unemployment is a strong push factor for emigration in Georgia. labour market policies aimed at reducing unemployment will affect the migration decisions of households and individuals. It is therefore important to identify to what extent Georgia's various labour market policies affect migration. The IPPMD survey found state employment agencies and vocational training programmes were having limited impact on migration decisions, most probably because of their low take-up ratio and patchy coverage. The findings also show that highly skilled occupational groups, especially in the health sector, are losing the most labour to emigration. Better skills-matching mechanisms are needed, as well as the creation of quality jobs.

  • • Widen the activities of employment agencies to reach out to both current emigrants abroad and return migrants at home to ensure they have information on and access to formal wage jobs. Closer connections between the employment agencies and the private sector will be important for achieving this.
  • • Refine vocational training programmes to better target and match demand with supply. Mapping labour shortages and strengthening co-ordination mechanisms with the private sector are important steps. Training programmes can also aim to foster the inclusion of return migrants into the labour market.
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