The Palgrave Handbook of Infertility in History: Approaches, Contexts and Perspectives

Infertility in HistoryDefining Infertility in HistorySilence, Stigma and Gaps in the Historical RecordAims, Approaches and Agendas for Future ResearchMedicine and Reproductive TechnologyKinship and the FamilyStratified ReproductionGenderConclusionNotesDefining the ‘Problem’: Perspectives on InfertilityIntroduction: Defining the ‘Problem’: Perspectives on InfertilityGreat Expectations: Infertility, Disability, and PossibilityMy StoryInfertility as DiseaseInfertility as StoryInfertility as DisabilityInfertility in LiteratureConclusionNotesWhose Fault is it Anyway? Plant Infertility in AntiquityHuman Infertility in the Ancient WorldPlant Infertility and the Environment in AntiquityPlant Generation and Fertility in AntiquityWilderness and CultivationConclusionNotesFrom ‘Fructification’ to ‘Insemination’: Nomenclature and the Practice of Artificial InseminationJ. Marion Sims and ‘Artificial Fructification’ in Reconstruction-Era America‘Baby Factories’ and ‘Artificial Fecundation’ in Nineteenth-Century France‘Test Tube Babies’ and the Impact of Lay LanguageTerminological Consensus: Defining Conception, Insemination, and the American FamilyConclusionNotesSilences: Coping with Infertility in Nineteenth-Century GermanyPerpetuating Silences, Reproducing Stigma? A Note on MethodologyDelineating SilencesDisclosure, Comfort, and SupportAutobiographical Representations of ChildlessnessConclusionNotesOral History and Women’s Accounts of Infertility in Postwar EnglandMethodologyWomen’s Reproductive Lives in Post-1945 BritainExpressions of Powerlessness and FatalismThe Role of Medical Science and Fertility TreatmentMedical Professionals and Medical PowerConclusionNotesII The Body Politic and the Infertile Body Introduction: The Body Politic and the Infertile BodySterility and Sovereignty: The Succession Crisis of the Late Valois MonarchyFertility, Political Ferment and Religious Crisis from Henry II to Charles IXReligion, Medicine, and Royal FertilityHenry III’s Quest for FertilityDeviancy, Diabolism, and Divine DispleasureConclusionNotes‘If slendernesse be the cause of unfruitfulnesse; you must nourish and fatten the body’: Thin Bodies and Infertility in Early Modern EnglandToo Thin Bodies and Generative DysfunctionConception and the Substances of GenerationFurther Impediments to Conception: Sexual Appetite and BehaviourMiscarriageConclusionNotesObstacles to the Establishment of a Policy to Combat Infertility in France, c. 1920-1950Population Problems and Efforts to Combat InfertilityThe Invention of New Public Instruments in the Interwar PeriodDeveloping a National System: A Series of Failed Attempts?ConclusionNotes‘Phantom Fathers’ and ‘Test-Tube Babies’: Debates on Marriage, Infertility, and Artificial Insemination in the British Media, c. 1957-60Artificial Insemination, Marriage, and the MediaResponses to the MacLennan Case in the Popular PressResponses to the MacLennan Case on Television, Radio, and FilmConclusionNotes‘She Gets the Taunts and Bears the Blame’: Infertility in Contemporary IndiaDemographic Context and Population PoliticsReproductive Medicine and Technology, Surrogacy, and AdoptionSocial and Cultural Perceptions of InfertilityReligionConclusionNotesIII Situating Infertility in MedicineIntroduction: Situating Infertility in MedicineMen’s Responses to Infertility in Late Medieval EnglandRecipes as a Source for Infertility in Medieval EnglandDiagnosing Infertility and Aiding Conception in the Liber de Diversis MedicinisMen’s and Women’s Responses in Other English Recipe CollectionsConclusionNotesThe Ancient Medical Sources in the Chapters about Sterility of Rodrigo de Castro’s De universa mulierum medicinaGender in Early Modern MedicineCastro and SterilityConclusionNotesFemale Impotence or Obstruction of the Womb? French Doctors Picturing Female Sterility in the 1820sObservations on Madame Robert from La ReoleThe Dictionnaire des sciences medicares and SterilityConclusionNotes‘The Great Foe to the Reproduction of the Race’: Diagnosing and Treating Infertility Caused by Venereal Diseases, 1880-1914Differential Diagnosis of Male and Female InfertilityThe Practicalities and Limitations of Treatment‘The Hereditary Disease Par Excellence’ConclusionNotes‘A Tragedy as Old as History’: Medical Responses to Infertility and Artificial Insemination by Donor in 1950s BritainReluctance to PractiseDisparaging the DonorSuitability for ParenthoodConclusionNotesIV Agency and Invisibility in Constructions of InfertilityIntroduction: Agency and Invisibility in Constructions of InfertilityThe Psychology of Infertility in Reproductive Medicine and Healthcare, c. 1940s-2000sThe Psychogenic Model of InfertilityThe Psychological Sequelae ModelIn Vitro FertilizationEvidence-Based MedicineConclusionNotesThe Interplay Between Infertility and Adoption in Policy and Practice in Twentieth-Century Australia‘Unfit’ Mothers and Infertile Women: Adoption Policy and Practice, c. 1920s-1950sInfertility, Treatment, and Fears of Population Decline, c. 1900-50sAdoption Policy and the Construction of Infertility as a Treatable ProblemConclusionNotesConditions of Illusion: Agency, Feminism, and Cultural Representations of Infertility in Britain, c. 1960-80Infertility in Mass-Market Women’s MagazinesInfertility in the Feminist PressAgency and Experience, Myth and MemoryConclusionNotesThe Janus Face of Infertility in the Global North and South: Reviewing Feminist Contributions to the DebateProfiles of Infertility: Medical DiscourseReproduction and Infertility Discourses in the Global NorthReproduction and Infertility Discourses in the Global SouthIncongruent Emancipations: Infertility and its StratificationsConclusion: The Janus Fortunes of Infertility DebatesNotesBeing Paid to Produce Eggs and Sperm: Gender, Commodification, and the Bodily Experiences of Gamete DonorsThe Embodied Experience of Egg DonationShots and SurgerySide EffectsThe Embodied Experience of Sperm DonationFrom Awkward to RoutinePleasure and ControlConclusionNotesRepresentations of Ageing and Infertility in the Twenty-First-Century British PressAgeing and Infertility in Medical and Social Science ResearchMedia Representations of Late Parenting, Infertility, and Assisted ReproductionData and MethodsAnalysis and DiscussionNews Pegs and FramesAgencyHeadlines Framing AgencyCharacterizing and Evaluating Postmenopausal MothersRepresentations of Advantages and Disadvantages of Postmenopausal MotheringConclusionNotesV Reproductive Technologies and Imagined Futures Introduction: Reproductive Technologies and Imagined FuturesAmericans and Assisted Reproduction: The Past as Prologue‘Boon for the Barren Woman’: John Rock and ‘Conception in a Watch Glass’‘The End of the Beginning': IVF Becomes a RealityIVF Comes to the USAConclusionNotesIn Vitro Fertilization, Infertility, and the ‘Right to a Child’ in 1970s and 1980s BritainAsserting the ‘Right to a Child’ in the 1970s‘Normalizing’ IVF: Reproductive Rights and the Nuclear FamilyConclusionNotes‘The Authority’s Anti-Breeding Campaign’: State-Imposed Infertility in British ReprodystopiaContext and ApproachInterwar ReprodystopiaContemporary ReprodystopiasConclusionNotesInfertility, Ethics, and the Future: An ExplorationWhat is Infertility and What do Infertility Treatments Treat?Scientific Progress and ‘The End of Infertility’Mothers and FathersReproduction and ParentingConclusionNotes
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