Stage II Task II-B: Goals, Outcomes, Impact Task II-C: Commitment

chapter contents

The Power of Goal Setting

  • • Goals Help Clients Focus Their Attention
  • • Goals Help Clients Mobilize Their Energy and Direct Their Effort
  • • Goals Provide Incentives for Clients to Search for Strategies to Accomplish Them
  • • Clear and Specific Goals Help Clients Increase Persistence

Task II-B: Goals, Outcomes, Impact: Help Clients Move from Possibilities to Choices

Flexible Guidelines in Helping Clients Set Goal for Themselves

  • • Help Clients Describe the Future They Want in Outcome or Accomplishment Language
  • • Help Clients Move from Broad Aims to Clear and Specific Goals
  • • Help Clients Establish Goals That Make a Difference
  • • Help Clients Formulate Realistic Goals
  • • Help Clients Set Goals That Are Prudent
  • • Help Clients Set Goals That Can Be Sustained
  • • Help Clients Choose Goals That Have Some Flexibility
  • • Help Clients Choose Goals Consistent with Their Values
  • • Help Clients Establish Realistic Time Frames for Accomplishing Goals What Kind of Change Do Clients Need and How Much?
  • • Help Clients Distinguish Needs from Wants
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  • • Help Clients Consider Adaptive Goals
  • • Coping as an Important Goal
  • • Second-Order Change Goals Emerging Goals

Task II-C: Help Clients Commit Themselves—“What Am I Willing to Pay for What I Want?”

Help Clients Commit Themselves to a Better Future

  • • Economics: Help Clients Set Goals That Are Worth More Than They Cost
  • • Incentives: Help Clients Set Appealing Goals
  • • Ownership: Help Clients Embrace and Own the Goals They Set
  • • Obstacles: Help Clients Deal with Competing Agendas

Great Expectations: Encourage Client Self-Efficacy—“I Can, I Will”

  • • The Nature of Self-Efficacy
  • • Helping Clients Develop Self-Efficacy Stage II and Action
  • • The Tasks of Stage II as Triggers for Action
  • • The Role of “Implementation Intentions” in Helping Clients Act The Shadow Side of Goal Setting

This chapter deals with what clients need to do both to set problem-managing and opportunity-developing goals and to commit themselves to the accomplishment of these goals. Clients do not have to do all the things discussed here. Rather you have to be ready to help them no matter what their goal-setting needs are. This chapter will help you put yourself in a position to do so. We begin with an overview of the power of goal setting in therapy and in everyday life.

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