Institutional challenges for a comprehensive rural policy in Chile

Chapter 3 identifies a number of concrete steps that can be implemented in the current institutional context for Chile to advance towards a modern rural development policy framework over the short and medium term. The chapter is divided into three main sections. The first briefly describes the institutional setting of rural development in Chile and the main governance challenges that Chile faces to advance towards comprehensive place-based approaches to rural development. The second section focuses on one of these main challenges: how to generate synergies and co-ordination between the many policies, programmes and actors that intervene in rural development. Finally, the third section will be devoted to providing recommendations on how to strengthen place-based approaches with stronger participation from local actors as a way for promoting rural policies adapted to the idiosyncrasy, challenges and potentialities of rural territories in Chile.

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Introduction

Chapter 1 provided a general diagnosis of Chilean rural regions and recommended adopting a revised definition of rural areas in Chile with two concert suggestions. Chapter 2, in turn, highlighted the need to create a national rural policy framework in Chile, which is currently lacking, to ensure it recognises and captures the growth potential of its rural regions. Such a framework should contain elements from modern rural development policies that are based on three pillars:

  • • The promoting growth in all regions pillar recognises that there is a catching up potential and rural regions are important contributors to national wealth. This work also displays the importance of endogenous factors for the competitiveness of rural areas in addition to institutional factors and the role of policies.
  • • The New Rural Paradigm (NRP) pillar refers to how to promote this critical growth from the policy design and multi-level governance aspect focusing on the competitiveness of rural economies beyond the agricultural sector, involving a wide range of actors in the development process and focusing on investments rather than subsidies.
  • • Finally, the rural and urban (“Rurban”) linkages pillar highlights the strong interactions that exist among urban and rural areas and the potential gains that can exist when urban and rural polices are better integrated and complement each other.

This chapter identifies a number of concrete steps that can be implemented in the current institutional context for Chile to advance towards a modern rural development policy framework over the short and medium term. This chapter is divided into three main sections. The first section will briefly describe the institutional setting of rural development in Chile and the main governance challenges that Chile faces to advance towards comprehensive place-based approaches to rural development. The second section will focus on one of these main challenges: how to generate synergies and co-ordination between the many policies, programmes and actors that intervene in rural development. Finally, the third section will be devoted to providing recommendations on how to strengthen place-based approaches with stronger participation from local actors as a way for promoting rural policies adapted to the idiosyncrasy, challenges and potentialities of rural territories in Chile.

 
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