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Economics
Essentials of Macroeconomics
A short course of lectures
«Essentials of Macroeconomics»
Overnight target rates and inflation
The supply of labor
The Phillips curve
The LM curve
Gross domestic product
Exchange rate systems
Four different measures of GDP
Calculating interest rates on a yearly basis
Mundell-Fleming model
The AS-AD-model
Capital
Trade and exchange rate
Money
How commercial banks "create money"
Components of GDP
The classical model
The neo-classical synthesis
Exchange rate
Determination of P and Y
Problems with CPI
What is money and what is not money
The dynamics from the short to the long run
The law of one price
The circular flow - a more detailed version
Determination of other variables
The components of GDP
Determination of all the variables in the classical model
Monetary policy = change in money supply
Aggregate supply
Circular flow - circulation of goods
The Keynesian model
Monetary policy
The Government, Rest of the World and the financial markets
Labor Market
The Labor Market
Determination of GDP in the cross model
Investment demand
The augmented Phillips curve
Wages
The IS-LM model with flexible exchange rates
Interest rate, consumption and investment
Overnight interest rates
The IS-LM model with inflation
GDP is a flow!
Aggregate demand
Growth
Relation between nominal interest rate, real interest rate and inflation
The money market with inflation
Demand for money and GDP
PPP
Definition
Wages and income
Private sector in the circular flow
From short to long run
The marginal product of labor and capital
Aggregate demand and Say’s Law
Nominal wage level
Currency inside banks is not money
Nominal wages
The dynamics from the short to the long run
Aggregate supply
Determination of all endogenous variables
Demand for money
Market interest rates
The AD curve over time
How the AS-AD model solves the problem
Inflation
Factors affecting E*
Investment and the exchange rate
The labor in the cross model
The quantity theory of money
Supply and demand
Government revenue, government spending and net exports
The AD curve
Equilibrium analysis
Production function and Growth
Money and banks
The AD-curve at a given point in time
Exchange rate systems
Prices and price level
Interest rates between currency areas
Price level
Other interest rates
Economic functions of money
The AS-AD model and inflation
Definition
Modeling a firm and the concept value added
The classical model of exchange rate determination
Capital Flows
Money market diagram
Two types of money
Separation of growth and fluctuation
The market for overnight loans
The AD curve is the aggregate demand
The rest of the world in the cross model
Money illusion
The neo-classical growth model
Labor market
Say’s Law
Inflation
There is just one interest rate
Determination of all the endogenous variables in the AS-AD model
Expected depreciation
Equilibrium in the money market
Prices and inflation
Interest rates and inflation
Simultaneous determination of Y and R in the IS-LM model
Supply and demand for the foreign currency
Exchange rate determination
The euro against the US dollar
The consumption function in the IS-LM model
Central bank and monetary policy
Keynesian cross model
Expected inflation
AS-AD in the Keynesian and the classical model
How not to justify Say’s Law
The open economy
The goods market and aggregate demand
Savings
The classical model and the long-term Phillips curve
Price Inflation
The IS-LM model under fixed exchange rates
The exchange rate
Central bank overnight interest rate
Money, wealth and income
The AS-AD model with inflation
Overnight rates and interest rates with longer maturity
Interest rates within in the same currency area
IS-LM-model
GDP, and Say’s Law
The consumption function
Determination of other variables
The complete Keynesian model
Interest rate
Consumption and GDP
Results
Aggregate demand
Endogenous growth theory
Determination of L in the cross model
The LM curve with inflation
NAIRU
Unemployment and hours worked are directly related
The money market
Growth Theories
Macroeconomic models
Aggregate supply and the AS curve
Differences in inflation under flexible exchange rates
Firms in the circular flow
Relationship between the interest rate and the bond price
Real wage
The price level
Real interest rates, nominal interest rate and expected inflation
Nominal wages
The problem with the Keynesian model
Capital flows
Supply of money
Total savings
Interest rate determination
The basic assumption
The aggregate production function
Price index
The Labor Market
Effective exchange rate
How much money can banks create?
The assumptions of the AS-AD model
The Phillips curve
Definition
The long-run Phillips curve
Circular flow - circulation of money
The consumption function
The AS-AD model with inflation
Demand for money and the interest rate
Price level and time
The macroeconomic variables
Consumption
Developments around 1960
Monetary base and the supply of money
Household savings
Common assumptions
IS-LM diagram
The various Phillips curves
The goods and the money market in the AS-AD model
Equilibrium in the labor market
Central banks
Inflation in Sweden
Full employment
The central bank has complete control over money supply
Investment
Labor supply and labor demand in the Keynesian model
Real GDP
The Big Mac Index
The government in the cross model
Exchange rate
The IS-curve in the AS-AD model
Money, definition
Unemployment classification
Inflation in Germany
Overnight interest rates targets and money supply
Growth theory
The multiplier effect
The rest of the world as one country
The money market and price changes
The Labor Market
Justification
Purchasing power
Consumer Price Index, CPI
The IS curve with inflation
The price level and the quantity theory of money
Main result
Aggregate demand
The yield curve
Modeling expected depreciation
Wage inflation
Nominal and real interest rates
The equations of the AS-AD model
Aggregate demand with inflation
Demand for labor
The real interest rate
IS-curve
Trade and tourism
Aggregate demand
Aggregate demand in the cross model
The classical growth theory
Commercial banks
Adjustments to the Keynesian models when wages are no longer constant
The AS curve
The money market
Equilibrium in both the goods and in the money market
The investment function in the IS-LM model
Aggregate supply
The circular flow - simple version
Changes in the exchange rate
The LM-curve in the AS-AD model
Components of GDP in numbers 200x
The Labor Market
Reversed Say’s Law
Definition
About the various models
Monetary base
SAS-LAS-AD model of the neo-classical synthesis
The problem with the IS-LM model
Differences in inflation under fixed exchange rates
Exchange rate determination and the Mundell-Fleming model
Interest rate parity
SAS, LAS, and AD
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