Sexual Abuse and Antisocial Behavior in Victims
Based on findings from a meta-analysis, Paolucci et al. (2001) conclude that sexual abuse exerts a series of adverse effects and emphasize their magnitude and their “substantial practical significance” (p. 28). Sexual abuse has been associated with general delinquency in many empirical studies (e.g., Currie & Tekin, 2006; Feiring, Miller- Johnson, & Cleland, 2007; Hahm, Lee, Ozonoff, & van Wert, 2010; Herrera & McCloskey, 2003; Siegel & Williams, 2003; Sigfusdottir et al., 2008; Swantson, Parkinson, O’Toole, Plunkett, Shrimpton, & Oates, 2003; Widom, 1989a). It has also been linked to sexual crimes (e.g., Dutton & Hart, 1992; Felson & Lane, 2009).
Sexual abuse victimization has been significantly associated with general violence in many studies, as well (e.g., Barnow et al., 2001; Dutton & Hart, 1992; Edwards, Desai, Gidycz, & VanWhynsberghe, 2009; Felson & Lane, 2009; Herrera & McCloskey, 2003; Savage et al., 2014; Siegel & Williams, 2003; Widom, 1989a). Not all studies find the association. Zingraff et al. reported that child sexual abuse victimization was not associated with violent adolescent behavior in multivariate models of data from a large sample of North Carolina adolescents (Zingraff, Leiter, Myers, & Johnsen, 1993).