Operation Weed and Seed
Operation Weed and Seed takes a holistic approach to crime control with a fourpronged approach: (1) coordination among locals to solve problems, (2) weeding out criminals from target areas using concentrated law enforcement efforts, (3) community policing designed to maintain equilibrium in crime, and (4) “seeding” efforts in the form of services and neighborhood revitalization (Bushway & Reuter, 2002, p. 230). The program has been implemented in many communities with mixed results. Bushway and Reuter (2002) comment that “weeding” took precedence over “seeding” in the sites that have been evaluated, and this focus on law enforcement tended to alienate the residents. Though their evaluation did not suggest a significant impact, we see this type of concerted, holistic approach as having the most potential for future neighborhood interventions, though ameliorating problems with implementation would be important for future success. Peterson and Krivo (2010) reach much the same conclusion after conducting their exhaustive examination of data on American cities. They state,
Local areas in which African American and Latino residents predominate . . . are severely lacking in a range of socioeconomic benefits and basic aspects of local infrastructure. These types of areas would clearly profit in many ways from an infusion of critical resources: to alleviate poverty; to bring in jobs and services; to improve education systems; to fix and upgrade the physical infrastructure of housing, businesses, and public facilities; to increase home- ownership and the value of housing; to improve family stability; and generally to increase community well-being.