Promoting Research Excellence : New Approaches to Funding.

Research excellence initiatives: A new form of competitive research fundingREIs as research funding instrumentsREIs at the interface of excellence funding and programme fundingExcellence fundingProgramme fundingREIs in contrast to institutional core funding and project fundingInstitutional core fundingProject fundingCharacteristics of government research fundingScope of the project and structure of the reportMain messages from the studyREI funding schemes and excellence in researchREIs as a tool to boost interdisciplinary research, co-operation and attract human capitalREIs as a tool to boost competition and high-quality researchThe links between hosts and centres of excellence and the issue of sustainabilityREIs long-run effects on national research systemsOutlookThe status of REIs in research policy: between one-off initiatives and permanent programmesCompetition and concentrationDegrees of selectivityOne REI or many?REIs, individual funding, and institutional core fundingNotesI OECD/RIHR SURVEY RESULTS ON FUNDING FOR RESEARCH EXCELLENCE INITIATIVESResearch excellence initiatives and government ministriesData sources and methodologyDesk research and survey of government ministriesDefining criteria for REIs in this reportREIs covered in this reportDescription of REIsObjectivesImprove national scientific competitivenessCreate an environment for improved quality in researchIncrease the international visibility of national researchRecruit outstanding personnelSupport resource-intensive research and build research capacityDisciplinary and thematic focusSelectionFunded unitsHost and partner institutionsSelection processSelection criteriaNumber of funded centres and selectivityResponsibility for managing REIsInternal structure of REIsREIs as stand-alone scheme with no sub-divisionsREIs with several lines of fundingREIs integrated into more comprehensive funding schemesRelative financial importance and concentration of REIsREIs and their role in political strategiesEvaluations and experiences with REIAssessment of performanceModificationsTermination of REIsSystem evaluationsSummaryNotesReferencesResearch excellence initiatives and centres of excellenceData source and methodologyCoverageSample size and groupingsBasic characteristics of CoEsResearch objectivesFunding in CoEsResearchers: Average size of teamsAge profile of centresFunding cyclesResearch fieldsRelation between funding and research fieldsNetworks and co-operationThe importance of skilled research personnel, foreign talent and international linksManagement structures and relations between hosts and CoEsLinks with the host institutionInterdisciplinary researchMeasuring the impact of research in CoEsThe contribution of REIsAnother example of excellence fundingSummary of the resultsNotesReferencesResearch excellence initiatives and host institutionsData source and methodologyCharacteristics of host institutionsAdministrative arrangements and objectivesFunding schemesThe link between HIs and CoEs fundingPerceived effects of REIs and CoEsSummary of the resultsNotesReferencesII COUNTRY CASE STUDIESDenmark: Centres of excellencePublic research excellence initiatives: An overviewInvestment capital for university research Aims and fundingImplementation and evaluation of the callThe four grant unitsFields of science and co-operationInternal managementFunding and the problem of embedmentImpact and lasting effects of UNIKNotesThe German Excellence InitiativeBackground and framework conditionsThe universities’ approach to the Excellence InitiativeWhat makes the Excellence Initiative special?The universities’ view on the application and selection proceduresInternal governanceBudget and administration of fundsRecruitment and recruitment strategiesCollaboration with other universities and with non-university research institutionsInternational visibilityCollaboration between departments and scientific disciplinesImpact on doctoral trainingSummary and conclusionsNoteReferencesJapanese experience with centres of excellenceR&D activities and tertiary education in JapanThe development of research excellence initiatives Political backgroundCurrent research excellence initiativesGlobal COE ProgrammeSelection of centresPerformance and resultsSubsequent developmentWorld Premier International Research Centre InitiativeSelection of centresFollow-up and interim evaluationPerformance and resultsSubsequent developmentCentres interviewed for the case studySummary of interviews: GCOE ProgrammeProgramme resultsOther issuesSummary of interviews: WPIProgramme resultsOther issuesREIs from the perspective of host organisationsConclusionComprehensive evaluationNotesReferenceNorwegian Centres of ExcellenceA small country with centralised research fundingNorwegian excellence policyGeneral characteristics of the CoEsIllustrative caseFunding and internal governance of the Norwegian CoEsFunding and governance at the University of OsloResponsibilities and division of labourResponsibilities and division of labour at the University of OsloStaff and recruitmentCoE staff and recruitment at the University of OsloGeneral assessment and experiencesConcluding remarksThe national research landscapeThe organisational aspect of the CoE-schemeNotesReferencesResearch excellence in Portugal and its fundingPortuguese centres of excellenceDistribution by sizeDistribution by fieldDistribution by locationDistribution by genderDistribution by functionFunding and internal governance Organisational structureRelationships with the host institutionResponsibilities and division of labourStaff and recruitmentConclusionNotesReferencesResearch excellence initiatives in SloveniaPolicy setting in SloveniaThe “centres of excellence” research excellence initiativeImplementation of the programmeMid-term evaluation of the centres of excellence (2009-13)Summary and conclusionsNotes
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