Increase the international visibility of national research
This goal is tied to competitiveness, and the fact that it is so highly ranked shows again that REIs are designed with a focus on the national research landscape as a whole, even though the funding may only reach a fraction of all institutions. Like competitiveness, the notion of “visibility”, despite its frequent presence in REI descriptions, is rarely tied to quantitative measures in official REI descriptions. It is however plausible to link the production and dissemination of top-level research to international visibility in scientific communities, so that visibility might in principle be measured by established bibliometric measures or related instruments. For research institutions (and their main public funding bodies), what is important about visibility is that it generates new and alternative opportunities in terms of researcher and student recruitment, co-operation partners and sources of funding (Friedrichsmeier and Furst, 2012).