Transparency and accountability are globally considered essential to good governance. It is transparent and accountable governments that promote democracy and sustainable development through inclusive and efficient institutions that are able to deliver quality services to the citizens. Despite this knowledge, many citizens of the world still live in countries with governments that are not transparent and accountable to them and hence with high levels of corruption. This deprives the poor of any development possibilities and hinders the free flow of information which is crucial to holding government officials accountable for the decisions they make on behalf of the citizens. According to the literature reviewed, there is a clear correlation between effective information management and transparency and accountability. Nevertheless, what is often left out in the discussions on transparency and accountability is the importance of a well-developed information management infrastructure that is supposed to facilitate the documentation of government actions and facilitate access to government information. What is crucial to all the reporting systems required by the mentioned transparency and accountability initiatives is trustworthy and understandable information. This requires information systems that are reliable and that enable the effective creation, capture, organization, management, dissemination and preservation for reuse of government information (Svard, 2014).
Developing countries still lack robust information management regimes and systems, which are supposed to ensure that government information is well-captured and managed for further dissemination and for governance purposes. This hinders readily access to government information and obstructs the objectives of transparency and accountability. The networked society requires laws, standards, well- defined metadata architectures, and information management systems. Developing countries will therefore have to harness information technology to reap the benefits of open data and to make it available to interested citizens. Lack of investments in information planning and robust information infrastructures and the political will led to the expatriation of the entire Liberian TRC archives. This was not fair to the victims who contributed with their narrations despite the trauma that they had to recount. They ought to benefit from the use of the archives together with the rest of the Liberian society. Reconciliation is a long-term process and can take generations which confirms the crucial importance of the TRC archives in promoting an understanding of the causes of conflict and preventing regression to conflict. The effectiveness of TRCs as instruments of transitional justice will only be achieved if the recommendations they make are honored and implemented by the respective governments. This makes the dissemination of the information they generate of paramount importance, if the citizens are to be made aware of their rights to reparations and if they are to demand the implementation of the recommendations. TRCs are impartial instruments that address past harms and promote transparency and accountability by excavating the truth, but the information they generate needs to be prioritized and used in order to promote transitional justice.