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Home arrow Political science arrow Global Governance from Regional Perspectives: A Critical View
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Use IGOs to develop linkages across civil societies.

Empirical research has already clearly indicated that, when IGOs allow an active role to be played by NGOs, they generate positive effects on their transparency and accountability. But IGOs can also be an institutional setting in which NGOs, especially those acting in authoritarian countries, can acquire international recognition and legitimacy. Greater use of fora of NGOs within IGOs can therefore substantially strengthen pro-democratic forces in authoritarian countries.

Greater use of the incentives provided by IGOs.

Outside the EU, few IOs have been willing to use their resources as soft incentives for democratic transition and consolidation. This can be explained by the fact that most of the IGOs do not discriminate against members according to their regime. While in the EU the most powerful bargaining chip has been membership, and this has never been granted to countries below a certain threshold of democracy, the same cannot be said for most other IGOs. The economic institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank, and the WTO are firmly dominated by consolidated democracies. In spite of that, the attempts made to use soft incentives to promote democracy or even to protect human rights have been rather minimal.

Equal respect among members.

Political regimes under transformation are particularly sensitive to the role that their countries will acquire in the international context, IGOs included. In many countries, the potential for equal respect in setting a common agenda can often be a decisive force. The case of the EU has shown how this was a crucial factor to induce elites to abandon authoritarian regimes and to embrace the democratic ideal.

 
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