Conditions of the international economic integration
For initiation and a right course of process of international economic integration, it is necessary to fulfill a few basic conditions .
The most important condition is a real, or at least potential (possible to achieve while realizing) complementarity of economic structures of countries heading for the economic integration. Z. Nowak thinks that economic complementarity of different countries, compared to each other, shows a level, in which work division between them makes easier the economic progress each of them. According to it, countries with a similar structure of production, are little complimentary [6, p.20].
Complementarity should be understood dynamically, what means, that its lack in a separate moment ( making the same goods, competitive to each other, in two or more countries ) does not mean, that it cannot be created or developed in the future. If a lack of complementarity or competition exists in economy branches, in which it is easy to get a work division and specialization of production, (industry, especially processing one) then mutual adjustment and improving a general level of complementarity, can appear relatively fast. Whereas, the lack of complementarity or competition, is in agriculture or in mining industry, so in branches, where getting work division and specialization is difficult, then the process to increase complementarity, will go slowly.
Complementarity can have inter branch or inside branch character. An example of inter branch complementarity can be a traditional, international work division. Its bases are differences in recourses of production factors, coming from differences in raw materials, geographical situation and climate conditions. While, the base of inside complementarity, are differences in effectiveness of production factors.
Inter branch complementarity is not a necessary and enough condition, to the progress of international economic integration. In case of developed countries, its lack, and, even competition of economic structures are not an obstacle in the integration progress. In this group of countries, a necessary condition of the progress of international economic integration is existing inside branch complementarity, understood in dynamic way [2, p.372-373].
The second necessary condition for the process of integration is existing a right technical infrastructure, allowing countries to make trade sales. It is mainly a question of the right communication, transport or telecommunication connections, which enable the flow of goods, services, capital, information and, such called social-psychological infrastructure, understood as a level of acceptation of an idea and results of integration by citizens [27, p. 434].
Far easier when neighborly countries are integrating with each other, traditionally leading foreign trade and other forms of economic cooperation.
The third, important equally, although not always absolutely necessary condition, is pro integrative economic politics of countries, heading for integration, and accompanying creation some institutional-organizational structures, supporting this politics, in form of free trade zone, customs union, common market or economic union. Pro integrative politics includes actions, which enable and make easier, intensification of trade and services, and stimulate a transfer of production factors.
Two of the mentioned conditions - complementarity of economic structures and the right infrastructure - are necessary to make the process of international economic integration successful. Not fulfilling them causes, that the process of integration is practically impossible. The third condition - the pro integrative economic politics, is not an enough one, but, at the same time, is not the necessary condition. This means, that not fulfilling it, does not have to mean, that the integration cannot be done. Along it, fulfilling this condition together with not fulfilling, or only partly filing the next two conditions, is not enough to lead the effective process of economic integration.