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REFERENCES

  • 18 U.S.C. §2256
  • 18 U.S.C. §1466A
  • 18 U.S.C. §2252
  • 18 U.S.C. §2256(8)(B))

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Akdeniz, Y. (2013). Internet child pornography and the law: National and international responses. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Alexy, E. M., Burgess, A. W., & Baker, T. (2005). Internet offenders: Traders, travelers, and combination trader-travelers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(7), 804-812.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing

Ayood, M. F. (1978). The littlest victims. The Missouri Police Chief, Winter: 19-22.

Blanchard, R. (2010). The DSM diagnostic criteria for pedophilia. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(2), 304-316.

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Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996 (CPPA), Pub. L. No. 104-208 (1996)

Danet, B. (1998). Text as mask: Gender, play, and performance on the Internet. In S. G. Jones (Ed.) Cybersociety 2.0: Revisiting computer-mediated communication and community (pp. 129-158). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

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Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) (2012). Annual and Charity Report, Internet Watch Foundation, Cambridge, UK.

Jacques, I. (2014, October 17). Could your teen face child porn charges? The Detroit News. Retrieved December 20, 2014 from http://www.detroitnews.com

Krone, T. (2004). A typology of online child pornography offending. Australian Institute of Criminology.

Lam, A., Mitchell, J., & Seto, M. C. (2010). Lay perceptions of child pornography offenders 1. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice/La Revue canadienne de crimi- nologie et de justice penale, 52(2), 173-201.

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Seto, M. C., Cantor, J. M., & Blanchard, R. (2006). Child pornography offenses are a valid diagnostic indicator of pedophilia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 610-615.

Seto, M. C., & Eke, A. W. (2005). The criminal histories and later offending of child pornography offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 17(2), 201-210.

Steiker, C. S. (2013). Lessons from two failures: Sentencing for cocaine and child pornography under the federal sentencing guidelines in the United States. Law & Contemporary Problems, 76, 27-52.

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Taylor, M., Holland, G., & Quayle, E. (2001). Typology of pedophilic picture collections. The Police Journal, 74, 97-107.

U.S. Sentencing Commission (2010). Results of survey of United States district judges: January 2010 through March 2010. Federal Sentencing Report, 23, 296.

Walsh, W., Wolak, J., & Finkelhor, D. (2013). Prosecution dilemmas and challenges for child pornography crimes: The Third National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (NJOV-3). Durham, NH: Crimes Against Children Research Center.

Webb, L., Craissati, J., & Keen, S. (2007). Characteristics of Internet child pornography offenders: A comparison with child molesters. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 19(4), 449-465.

Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., & Mitchell, K. J. (2005). Child-pornography possessors arrested in Internet-related crimes. National Center for Missing & Exploited Children. Obtained on January 7, 2016 from http://www.missingkids.com.

Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., & Mitchell, K. J. (2011). Child pornography possessors: Trends in offender and case characteristics. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 23(1), 22-42.

Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., & Mitchell, K. (2012). Trends in arrests for child pornography possession: The Third National Juvenile Online Victimization Study (NJOV-3). Durham, NH: Crimes against Children Research Center.

Wortley, R. K., & Smallbone, S. (2006). Child pornography on the Internet. US Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

Court Cases

Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, 535 U.S. 234 (2002).

Free Speech Coalition v. Reno, 98 F.3d 1083 (9th Cir. 1999).

Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973).

New York v. Ferber, 458 U.S. 747 (1982).

Osborne v. Ohio, 495 U.S. 103 (1990).

Stanley v. Georgia, 394 U.S. 557 (1969).

The PROTECT Act of 2003 (Pub.L. 108-21, 117 Stat. 650, S. 151). United States v. Tucker, 305 F.3d 1193 (2002).

United States v. Whorley, 550 F.3d 326 (4th Cir. 2008).

 
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