Child Pornography: Material visually depicting the sexual exploitation of children and adolescents. This can include photographic, film, or other visual representations.
Combination Trader-Travelers: Child pornographers who trade child pornography, as well as travel across state and/or national boundaries to sexually abuse or molest children.
Computer forensics: assessment of computers and computer-related media for evidence of crimes.
Cyber Crime: Any criminal act involving computers, networks, or the Internet.
DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition): A publication by the American Psychiatric Association that provides a list and diagnosis criteria of all the recognized mental disorders.
Downward Departures: Sentences issued by judges that are less severe than the recommended sentence under Federal Sentencing Guidelines.
Dual Offenders: Sex offenders who commit child pornography and child sexual abuse concurrently.
Dynamic (Risk) Factors: Factors that will change throughout one's life depending on one's situation. These include attitude towards work and employment status.
Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Rules that set uniform sentencing policy for defendants convicted of serious felonies.
Grooming: The process of befriending and establishing an emotional connection with children for the purpose of sexually abusing them.
Manga: A style of comic books created in Japan and developed prior to the twentieth century.
Mens Rea: An element of criminal responsibility referring to a guilty mind or wrongful purpose.
Miller Test: A set of three criteria that material must meet in order for it to be considered pornography.
Obscenity: Any statement, act, or material which strongly offends against prevailing moral standards (though not necessarily legal standards) of that time.
Pedophilia/Pedophile: A psychiatric disorder where afflicted individuals exhibit primary or exclusive sexual attraction to prepubescent children (under the age of 12).
Phallometric Assessment: A method of measuring male sexual arousal to both legal and illegal sexual stimuli.
Predatory Crime: A broad range of violent crimes against another person, such as murder, robbery or sexual assault.
Prurient Interests: To have or to encourage excessive interest in sexual matters.
Recidivism: An individual's return or relapse into criminal behavior, often after having received sanctions or punishment for previous criminal behavior.
Static Factors: Factors that will remain stable throughout one's life. These include factors such as age at first sexual experience and whether one has been victimized as a child.
Techniques of Neutralization: Justifications or rationalizations for violating society's norms and/or committing crimes.
Typology: Classification system whereby similar individuals or observations are grouped together. Individuals within a group are considered to be very similar, while groups tend to be very distinct.
Virtual Child Pornography (also known as pseudo child pornography): Pornographic material that does not include actual images of children, but creates the illusion of sexual exploitation.