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Home arrow Philosophy arrow Sex Crimes and Sex Offenders: Research and Realities
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DEFINITIONS

Aggressive Homosexual Offenders: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Vandiver and Kercher) who commit rape against an adult victim.

Battered Woman Syndrome: A psychological condition that affects women who have suffered physical and/or verbal abuse from another person, usually a spouse, and resembles symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, which includes a state of hyper-vigilance.

Descriptive Model of Female Sexual Offending: A model proposed by Gannon that includes cognitive, behavioral, affective (i.e., emotional), and contextual factors that lead to women committing sex crimes. Specifically, it includes three factors that potentially distinguish female sex offenders from male sex offenders: (1) physical, sexual and emotionally abusive childhood; (2) abusive relationships; and (3) co-offender influences.

Exploration/Exploitation: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Mathews, Matthews, and Speltz) that involves a female babysitter who molests a child she is babysitting. This category was also identified by Sarrel and Masters as "babysitter abuse."

Female Sexual Predators: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Vandiver and Kercher) that includes young women with a lengthy criminal record for various crimes. Their victims are either male or female and typically young.

Heterosexual Nurturer: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Vandiver and Kercher) that involves women in a caretaking role or position of authority (e.g., teacher, mentor, etc.) who sexually abuse a young male, typically a teenager, under the guise of a typical romantic relationship.

Homosexual Criminals: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Vandiver and Kercher) that involves primarily hands-off offenses, such as prostitution or posing for nude pictures/videos, for a profit.

Male-Coerced Female Sex Offender: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Mathews, Matthews, and Speltz) that involves a woman who sexually abuses, as encouraged by a man with whom she is romantically involved, in an attempt to preserve her relationship with that man.

Narcissism: A personality trait that involves an overwhelming sense of self-love, grandiose perceptions of one's self, and a sense of entitlement.

Non-Criminal Homosexual Offenders: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Vandiver and Kercher) that involves women who sexually abuse a female victim, most likely with a co-offending romantic male partner. She has none/few prior arrests for any type of offense.

Predisposed Sex Offender: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Mathews, Matthews, and Speltz) that involves incest, and offenders have a history of childhood sexual abuse.

Social Junk: A term coined by Steven Spitzer and influenced by Marxist philosophy. It refers to those who make up a segment of society who are not in a position in society to acquire adequate resources for themselves, often falling between the cracks of social service agencies.

Teacher/Lover: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Mathews, Matthews, and Speltz) that involves a female teacher who "falls in love" with an adolescent male student.

UCR (Uniform Crime Reports): An annual report of crimes and arrests that have occurred in the U.S., published by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Young Adult Child Exploiters: A category of female sex offenders (identified by Vandiver and Kercher) that is comparable to the predisposed offender (identified by Mathews, Matthews, and Speltz), which includes incest offenders.

 
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