Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning

A somewhat similar framework was developed by the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) (Weissberg & Cascarino, 2013). They propose five interrelated sets of cognitive, affective and behavioral competencies:

Self-Awareness: The ability to recognize one’s thoughts and emotions and their relationship to behavior

Self-Management: The ability to regulate one’s emotions and behaviors and to set and pursue personal and academic goals

Social Awareness: The ability to take the perspective of others, particularly from different backgrounds and cultures

Relationship Skills: The ability to establish and maintain healthy relationships with others through communication, listening, cooperating, negotiating and help-seeking

Responsible Decision Making: The ability to make constructive choices about behavior and social interactions.

These competencies are the basis for social-emotional learning programs in schools and provide a language for broader communication to the public about what skills ought to be taught and how they can be evaluated. Nevertheless the competencies have a firm basis in the Big 5 and can be seen as overlapping with the other frameworks reviewed here.

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