Southeast Inka Frontiers: Boundaries and Interactions

Ancient Imperial Frontiers and the InkaToward a Frontier-Centered Perspective of EmpiresImperial Frontier ProcessesMilitary ControlSurplus Extraction and Heightened Social StratificationLong-distance TradeFrontier Colonization or AbandonmentAcculturation and EthnogenesisModeling the Variability of Ancient Imperial FrontiersThe Preclusive, or Hardened, FrontierThe Restrictive Imperial FrontierThe Porous Imperial FrontierThe Open Frontier ZoneInka Andean ImperialismAssessing the Southeastern Inka FrontierExpansion and the Inka State InstitutionsThe Southeastern Inka Frontier: Research Goals and MethodologyThe Regional SurveyArchitectureExcavationsArtifactual AnalysisEthnohistoryThe Southeastern Inka Frontier and the Guarani InvasionsThe Guarani-Chiriguanos in the Southern Andean FoothillsSoutheastern Inka FortificationsThe TupiguaraniThe Guaranies: Early Migrations into the Andean CordilleraThe Candire Myth, the Inka, and the Guarani-Chiriguanos MigrationsThe Charcas Confederation in Southern CollasuyuRegional Changes within the Inka Frontier ZoneThe Multiethnic Valley of OroncotaHow the Yamparas Were Conquered and Lured by the InkaRegional-Scale Settlement Shifts, Population Pressure, and AgricultureSettlement Clustering and Site NucleationClassic Yampara Period (A.D. 800-1300)Late Yampara-Inka Period (A.D. 1300-1536)Population Pressure and AgricultureInka Site Location and FunctionInka Storage CapacityTrading Networks: Inka and Imported PotteryInteraction with the Eastern Tropics: Distribution of Chiriguano and Lowland MaterialsSummaryNotesExcavations in the Oroncota Inka ComplexInka Architecture: Style and FunctionIdentifying Inka Military InstallationsArchitectural Layout of the Oroncota Inka ComplexPlaza Layout and Access PatternsEvaluation of Military FeaturesThe ExcavationsThe Enclosed Plaza and the UshnuThe Twin KallankasPublic Feasts in the Early OccupationSecond Occupation: Architectural RenovationOutside the Main Plaza ComplexGroup of Elaborate Rooms in the Plaza ComplexGrain-Processing ActivitiesThe Outer Residential CompoundsStorage FacilitiesThe Isolated Kallanka: A Transient ResidencySpatial Distribution of Ceramic StylesFood Consumption Remains: Where Is the Inka Pottery?Interregional TradeA Near Absence of Craft ProductionSupport Imperial Facilities: El Pedregal and Inkarry MoqoEl Pedregal Defense OutpostInkarry MoqoSummaryAt the Frontier EdgeRegional Changes in Khosko ToroEcology of the RegionBrief Ethnohistory of the Cuzcotuyo StrongholdPrevious Archaeological ResearchFinding Early Settlements: Some ConsiderationsThe Early Manchachi Slate on Red Period (?-A.D. 1480)The Late Parapeti Ungulate Inka Period (A.D. 1480-1536)The Cuzcotuyo Complex in the RegionInka Storage CapacityCeramic Distribution: Inka and Chiriguano PotteryInterregional Communication CorridorsSummaryExcavations in the Cuzcotuyo Inka FortressArchitectural LayoutDigging Inside the Cuzcotuyo ComplexThe Western PlazaEarly Inka OccupationLate Inka OccupationThe Eastern PlazaIntermediate Rooms in the ComplexThe Twin RoomsLate Additions in the Eastern PlazaExcavations Outside the ComplexThe Military BarrackThe Storage QolqasResidential OccupationA Special Purpose RoomDefensive Outposts along the WallLocal and Guarani Pottery DistributionThe Absence of Inka PotteryThe Absence of Yampara CeramicsDistribution of Lithic Artifacts and Faunal RemainsFeasting and Frontier CelebrationsSummaryDynamics of the Southeastern Inka FrontierComparing Changes in the Regional Settlement TrajectoriesThis difference highlights the flexibility of imperial tactics, particularlyContrasting Architecture: Intended UseComparing Activities: Actual UseDefenseProductionStorageResidentialCeremony and FeastingSpecialized ActivitiesChanges in the Southeastern Inka FrontierThe Porous Military FrontierThe Southeastern Inka Frontier in a Comparative OverviewThe Inka Frontier in Northern EcuadorThe Inka Frontier in Northwestern ArgentinaThe Inka Frontier in Southern ChileDynamics of the Ancient Inka Imperial Frontiers
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