The number of residences in both Inka installations signals that the Inka facilities did not house large populations. Similarly, high-status dwellings with lavish access to state goods were absent. Whereas the small size of the residential population at the Cuzcotuyo complex is consistent with a military outpost, at Oroncota, the small number of residences indicates that it was a modest provincial center. Despite this situation, there is evidence of limited mitmaqkuna residents. This was the case of the Oroncota center considering that one of the dwellings housed foreign Pacajes, perhaps the site administrators. Studies elsewhere have shown that Pacajes colonies from the circum-Titicaca region were important imperial retainers and administrators on behalf of the Inka of the Southern Andes (Gonzalez 1983; Santoro et al. 2010; Silva 1992-1993). Although not strictly residential, both Inka centers also had temporary lodging areas dedicated to receive privileged guests (the isolated kallanka in Oroncota) or to shelter the transient state soldiers (the military barrack in Cuzcotuyo).

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