Open Government in Costa Rica (OECD Public Governance Reviews) (Volume 2016)


The context and drivers of the open state in Costa RicaThe enabling environment for an open state in Costa RicaThe implementation of open government policies from the Centre of GovernmentA focus on citizen participation: from information and consultation to active involvementOpen government at the local level in Costa RicaAssessment and recommendationsThe context and drivers of an open state in Costa RicaThe legal and institutional enabling environment for open government in Costa Rica: Towards an open stateOpen government leadership and co-ordination from the Centre of Government in Costa RicaA focus on citizen participation in Costa Rica: From information and consultation to active involvementOpen government at the local level in Costa RicaThe context and drivers of an open state in Costa RicaThe space for an open state in Costa RicaCosta Rica’s strategic vision for an open stateThe Declaration for the Establishment of an Open StateThe National Development Plan 2015-18The National Open Government Strategy: Defining a National Open Government PolicyThe OECD approach to open government and how this Review supports Costa Rica in its effort to become an open stateDefining open governmentThe OECD Open Government ProjectOrganisation of the OECD Open Government Review of Costa RicaRecommendationsNotesReferencesThe legal and institutional enabling environment for open government in Costa Rica: Towards an open stateAn overview of Costa Rica’s legal framework for an open stateAn ample constitutional basis for an open stateThe broad constitutional and legal basis for open government should be complemented with an Access to Public Information LawProactive disclosureProcedure to request information Ease of filing requestsInformation officerEnforcement: A guarantor for the FOI lawThe necessity of a law on citizen participation to codify existing good practices and clarify institutional responsibilitiesAn advancing legal framework for digital government and open dataOpen government efforts to fight corruptionInteraction between public and private sectorBribery in international transactionsA legal framework for open government at the local levelCosta Rica’s institutional framework for an open stateExecutive institutions and their roles in the open government processThe Judiciary (Poder Judicial)Performance of the Costa Rican JudiciaryThe structure of the Costa Rican Judicial BranchThe National Commission for Improving the Administration of Justice (CONAMAJ)Policy for Citizen Participation in the Judicial PowerTowards an open Judiciary in Costa Rica’s second OGP Action PlanThe Legislative Branch: Moving towards an open legislatureIndependent state institutionsHuman rights OmbudsmanAnti-corruption OmbudsmanAuditing OmbudsmanThe Programme State of the Nation providing the evidence base for open government policy makingYo Soy Gobierno Abierto/Abriendo DatosCentro Ciudadano de Estudios para una SociedadAbierta (ACCESA)Costa Rica IntegraCitizen Network for Open Government (Red Ciudadana por un Gobierno Abierto)NotesReferencesOpen government leadership and co-ordination from the Centre of Government in Costa RicaThe current administration has taken important steps forwardFrom policy to implementation: The important role of the CoG for a successful open government policy cycleInstitutional frameworks for open government in the Costa Rican CoGA strong open government leadership capacityVision and strategic planning: the National Open Government StrategyCollective engagement and consensus buildingActivation of institutional support and policy communication: creating awareness about open governmentEffective and efficient open government co-ordination in a context of public sector fragmentationHorizontal policy co-ordination and collaborationVertical policy co-ordination and collaborationCo-ordination and collaboration with other state actorsThe CoG’s role in implementing open government policies: Costa Rica’s first and second OGP Action PlansCosta Rica’s First OGP Action Plan (2013-14)Costa Rica’s Second OGP Action Plan (2015-17) - important steps in the right directionRecommendationsReferencesA focus on citizen participation in Costa Rica: From information and consultation to active involvementCitizen participation and public trust in Costa RicaOECD work on citizen participationCitizen participation in the different stages of the policy cycle in Costa RicaThe objective of participationEvaluation of the participatory approaches in Costa RicaThe population groups targeted in the citizen participation casesCitizen participation in the National Development PlanCitizen participation in the design of the NDPCitizen participation in OGP Action PlansLimited levels of citizen participation in the first OGP Action PlanThe second OGP Action Plan: Learning from the previous experienceRecommendationsNotesReferencesOpen government at the local level in Costa RicaOECD work on open government at the local levelThe environment for open government at the municipal level in Costa RicaCosta Rica’s administrative divisionsThe decentralisation processThe responsibilities of municipalitiesCantonal councils for institutional co-ordination (CCCI)The Community Development Associations and the National Directorate for Community Development: Key actors in open government at the local levelThe implementation of open government at the local level in Costa RicaPotential to increase the involvement of the local level in Costa Rica’s OGPprocessCitizen participation at the local levelCitizen participation in the sessions of the Municipal CouncilsCitizen budgetsCitizen participation in local planning exercisesDigital governmentDigital cities and digital government portalsRecommendationsNotesReferences
 
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