The National Open Government Strategy: Defining a National Open Government Policy

Costa Rica was also one of the first countries in the world to establish a National Open Government Policy. On 7 December 2015, a public event with the President of the Republic was organised by the National Open Government Commission to present the National Strategy for Open Government (Estrategia Nacional de Gobierno Abierto). The Strategy represents a good practice at the international level and could provide an example for other countries to follow. It creates a long-term whole-of- society open government vision for the country that has significant potential to guide the elaboration of open government policies in the coming years and help the country in its move towards an open state.

The stated aim of the strategy is to achieve the goal of “an open, transparent and efficient government to fight against corruption”, as stated is in the National Development Plan 2014-18. By operationalising the open government pillar of the National Development Plan, the Strategy also connects the country’s OGP Action Plan (for a discussion of the plan, see

Chapter 3) and the National Development Plan 2014-18. It elaborates on the aims of the country’s open government efforts and shows that the government recognises the value of open government for the achievement of wider national policy objectives and medium- and long-term development.

The Strategy was declared “of public interest” by means of decree 39372-MP-MC, a testimony to the importance given to the national open government agenda by the current administration. Costa Rica has to be praised for its attempt to establish a national open government vision that goes beyond the OGP action plan. The most important challenge for the country now is to ensure that the policy is fully linked to the implementation of the open government component of the NDP and the monitoring and evaluation responsibilities of MIDEPLAN (see also Chapter 3).

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