The CoG’s role in implementing open government policies: Costa Rica’s first and second OGP Action Plans

Costa Rica joined the Open Government Partnership (OGP) in January 2012, declaring that this international platform would enable the country to consolidate the efforts made over recent years in relation to transparency, access to information and the fight against corruption. The design of the first OGP Action Plan was led by the Digital Government Technical Secretariat, which received the mandate to co-ordinate the open government process from President Chinchilla.

As illustrated in Table 3.1, the country presented a first OGP Action Plan in 2013 but did not prepare a self-assessment report of this plan, as requested by the OGP. The first action plan was then evaluated by the OGP’s Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) in February 2015. Finally, Costa Rica presented a second OGP Action Plan in October 2015 and is currently implementing it.

Table 3.1. Costa Rica’s participation in the Open Government Partnership

OGP Member since


1st OGP Action Plan

January 2013 (-2014)

Self- assessment

No self-assessment report has been published

Independent reporting mechanism

February 2015

2nd OGP Action Plan

October 2015 (-2017)

Source: OGP (2016), “Costa Rica”, Open Government Partnership,

This section assesses CoG leadership and co-ordination in the elaboration, implementation and evaluation of Costa Rica’s OGP Action

Plans. Box 3.8 includes an excerpt of the OGP’s Open Government Declaration.

Box 3.8. The Open Government Partnership: Open Government Declaration


As members of the Open Government Partnership, committed to the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Convention against Corruption and other applicable international instruments related to human rights and good governance:

We acknowledge that people all around the world are demanding more openness in government. They are calling for greater civic participation in public affairs, and seeking ways to make their governments more transparent, responsive, accountable and effective.

We recognise that countries are at different stages in their efforts to promote openness in government, and that each of us pursues an approach consistent with our national priorities and circumstances and the aspirations of our citizens.

We accept responsibility for seizing this moment to strengthen our commitments to promote transparency, fight corruption, empower citizens and harness the power of new technologies to make government more effective and accountable.

We uphold the value of openness in our engagement with citizens to improve services, manage public resources, promote innovation and create safer communities. We embrace principles of transparency and open government with a view toward achieving greater prosperity, well-being, and human dignity in our own countries and in an increasingly interconnected world.

Together, we declare our commitment to:

  • • increase the availability of information about governmental activities
  • • support civic participation
  • • implement the highest standards of professional integrity throughout our administrations
  • • increase access to new technologies for openness and accountability.

Source: OGP (n.d. c), Open Government Declaration,

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