Using Mental Imagery in Counselling and Psychotherapy: A Guide to More Inclusive Theory and Practice

PrefaceThe premise of this bookWho is it for and what are its aims?The rational and imaginal perspectivesThe scope of this bookOverview of the contentsone: towards more inclusive theorytwo: towards more inclusive practiceA note on the clinical work presented in this bookA note on terms and conventionsReferencesI Towards more inclusive theory An historical perspective on the therapeutic use of imaginationThe premodern use of imagination as a healing toolCartesian dualism and its impact on imagination as a healing modalityAfter Descartesth-century psychology and mental imageryPsychology finally reclaims mental imageryReferencesThe story of using mental imagery in counselling and psychotherapyThe early days of therapeutic practice with mental imagery: the psychodynamic schoolFreud and psychoanalysisJung and analytical psychologyNew therapeutic mental imagery methods in the 1960s and ‘70s: the humanistic schoolThe relational turn and the decline of interest in mental imageryThe contributions of individual clinical innovatorsRecent developments: contemporary cognitive behavioural approachesReflections on current theory and practiceReferencesExplanations for the therapeutic efficacy of mental imageryWhat is the nature of mental imagery?The empirical viewThe phenomenological viewBridging the divideConceptual metaphor: a potential means of integrating empirical and phenomenological perspectivesSome final commentsReferencesIdentifying common features in the use of mental imagery in talking therapiesCommonalities observed in clinical practiceIdentifying some common functions of mental imagery in therapeutic practiceThe reparative functionThe process management functionThe framing functionThe diagnostic functionThe monitoring functionThe processing functionConclusionReferencesDeveloping a more inclusive model of mental imagery in therapeutic practiceA description of the modelHow the different functions relate to each otherThe multi-functionality of mental images in therapeutic practiceThe ‘interactive communicative' model of mental imagerySome comments on the advantages and limitations of the modelConclusionReferencesII Towards more inclusive practiceAn introduction to the model in practiceThe main principle of the model in actionThe conscious relaxation stateThe therapist’s attitudeThe client’s attitudeA matter of interpretationIntroducing the imagery work presented in this bookThe three framing imagesThe structure of the three chapters on framing imagesReferencesThe building imageOverviewGeneral guidelines for working with the building imageThe first stage of the workBringing the building into view: using the framing functionStarting to work with the building: the diagnostic and reparative functionsAttitude to the buildingGeneral comments on the building imageThe condition of the buildingDeveloping the work with the building: monitoring and processing functionsWork on the building becomes an ongoing unfolding processExploring the interior of the buildingGeneral comments about the interiorThe process management functionLonger-term work with the buildingConclusionReferencesThe path imageOverviewGeneral guidelines for working with the path imageThe first stage of the workBringing the landscape into view: using the framing functionStarting to work with the path: the diagnostic, reparative and monitoring functionsGeneral comments on the path imageStrugglingTrapped, stuck or blockedDrifting or floatingMaking a decisionMaking a big effortDeveloping the work with the path: monitoring and process management functionsAn example of the processing function in ongoing work with the pathSome caveatsConclusionReferencesThe plant imageOverview of the plant imageMain principles for working with the plant imageThe first stage of the workBringing the plant into view: using the framing functionStarting to work with the plant: the diagnostic and reparative functionsAttitude towards selfTypes of plantsThe ground or containerStages and cycles of growth and developmentThe condition of the plant and common reparative interventionsDeveloping the work with the plant image: the monitoring, processing and process management functionsThe monitoring functionThe processing functionThe process management functionAn example of a longer piece of workConclusionReferencesIntegrating a more inclusive approach to mental imagery into ongoing therapeutic workIntegrating the use of mental imagery into the therapist’s approachThe particular characteristics of framing images in therapeutic workBeginning the work with imageryIntroducing the use of imagery to the clientWorking to correct an imbalanced view of the imaginationDeveloping the workReturning to the imageThe importance of processing changes that happen to the mental imageHow the three framing images work togetherConcluding the workCreative reflective practices using mental imageryHow the framing images develop over long-term workConclusionReferencesPractice issuesSafe practiceContra-indications for this workGuidance for working with clients in induced relaxation statesManaging difficulties that may ariseStrategies for helping clients make more effective use of mental imageryResistance to the imageDifficulties in making connections between the image and outer experienceMental imagery and the therapeutic relationshipConclusionReferencesConclusion
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