ACQUIRING RELIABLE DATA ON LATIN-CHRISTIAN EUROPE

Apart from linguistic barriers, time and space separated Arabic-Islamic scholars from their subject matter. In many cases, they obviously lacked sound data. Abu l-Fida’

  • 165 Ibid., cap. 18—19, pp. 54—6: ‘Sic Latinum opus in peregrinam linguam translatum, proderit forsitan aliquibus, quos ductrix ad vitam gratia Deo lucrari voluerit.’
  • 166 Raimundus Lullus Opera Latina, Tomus IX, pp. 120—2, in Monte Pessulano anno MCCCV composita, ed. Madre (CCCM 35), pp. 280—3, trans. Housley, Documents (1996), pp. 35—6.
  • 167 Concilium Viennense (a. 1311—12), § 24, ed./trans. Alberigo and Wohlmuth, p. 379.
  • 168 Dakhlia, Lingua (2008), p. 97.
  • 169 Fritsch, Islam (1930); Tyan, ‘Djihad’ (1965), pp. 538—40. 17° See Chapter 2.2.5.
  • 171 Dakhlia, Lingua (2008), pp. 16—17, 89, 97.

(d. 732/1331), for example, proffers an interpretation of pre-imperial Roman history that would have caused indignation among all proponents and defenders of the republican system. Lacking alternative information, he inferred that kings had ruled the Roman Republic.

Then Romulus (Rumullus) assaulted his brother Remus (Rumanawus) and killed him. Then, after his killing, he ruled alone for thirty-eight years, during which Romulus created a remarkable theatre (mahaban) in Rome. Then, after him, several rulers (muluk) ruled, none of whom became very famous, and no information on them has

come upon us____Their first ruler to become famous was Caius (Ghanyus), and then

Julius (Yulyus) and Augustus (Aghustus) ruled after him.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]

  • [1] Abu l-Fida, al-mukhtasar, ed. Zaynuhum Azab et al., vol. 1, p. 83: thumma wathaba Rumullusala akhihi Rumanawus, fa-qatalahu, wa-malaka ba da qatlihi thamaniyan wa-thalathin sana wahdahu,wa-ttakhadha Rumullus bi-Rumiyya malaban ajiban, thumma malaka badahu ala Rumiyya iddat muluk, wa-lam yashtahiru wa-la waqaat ilayna akhbaruhum____wa-kana awwal man ishtahara min mulukihim Ghanyus, thumma malaka badahu Yulyus, thumma malaka badahu Aghustus . . . ’.
  • [2] See Chapter 4.
  • [3] 174 Ibn Hazm, al-fasl, ed. Nasr and Umayra, vol. 1, pp. 109—15; vol. 2, pp. 2—77; al-Shahrastani,Livre des religions, trans. Gimaret and Monnot, vol. 1, p. 627.
  • [4] al-Yaqubi, tarikh, ed. al-Muhanna, vol. 1, p. 195. 176 Ibid., vol. 1, pp. 188—94.
  • [5] 177 al-Tabari, tarikh, ed. Ibrahim, vol. 1, p. 540: ‘qawm min ulama5 ahl al-kitab min ahl al-Filastin’.
  • [6] 178 Ibid., vol. 1, p. 606: ‘qawl al-nasara’.
  • [7] 179 al-Himyari, al-rawd al-mitar, ed. Abbas, p. 33: ‘qala al-Razi: awwal man sakana al-Andalus
  • [8] ba da l-tufan c ala ma yadhkuruhu c ulama c ajamiha . . . ’; cf. Vallve Bermejo, ‘Fuentes’ (1967), p. 243.
  • [9] al-Mas' udi, muruj, ed./trans. Pellat, § 715—16, pp. 32—3 (AR), pp. 269—70 (FR).
 
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