THE DOCUMENTARY EFFECTS OF EXPANSIONISM (12TH-15TH CENTURIES)
This onslaught certainly had an impact on how Muslims perceived and recorded the Latin-Christian world. Comparable to the Arabic-Islamic expansion with regard to its long-term effects on images of the ‘Other’, Latin-Christian expansionism produced a certain trauma in the Islamic world which, seen in conjunction with the Western impact since the age of colonialism, still influences Muslim perceptions of ‘the West’ today.
-  Senac, UOccident (2000), p. 22; Senac, Carolingiens (2002), p. 23; Konig, ‘Perceptions’ (2012),pp. 18—19, on the effects of the Arabic-Islamic expansion on medieval Western European Christianimages of Islam; partly mitigated by Tolan, Saracens (2002), p. 71, who points to the variety of images.Monocausal and polemic, Madden, ‘Crusades’ (2004), Part 1, forcefully propounds the hypothesisthat the Arabic-Islamic expansion provoked the crusades.
-  Cf. Micheau, ‘Croisades’ (2000), pp. 52—71; Riley-Smith, ‘Islam’ (2008), pp. 151—67; Zouache,‘Ecrire’ (2012), pp. 120Th7; the Preface to Qasim, al-khalfiyya (2004).