Identify Key Stakeholders
A second strategy is to involve key stakeholders and end users as one develops and evaluates an intervention throughout the elongated pipeline. Stakeholders may include decision makers, such as agency administrators, policy makers, or potential interventionists, who might adopt an intervention if it is found to be effective. End users, similarly, refer to those who will use and/or directly or indirectly benefit from an intervention including the individual, family member, or community that the intervention plans to target. Identifying and integrating the perspectives of key stakeholders and end users and/or using community-participatory strategies in the coconstruction of an intervention may maximize its relevance as it is being advanced. This user-centered perspective is widely used in technology development and innovative social designs and can be applied to the development of interventions as well (Brown & Wyatt, 2010; Czaja, et al., 2015; see also Chapter 1).