Recommendation 7: Minimize Potential Inconveniences Associated With Study Participation
For many participants, the largest obstacles are time and transportation related. To help overcome the competing demands barrier, research staff should be creative in the scheduling and the location of the research interviews. If participants are available only on evenings and weekends, then study staff’s schedules could be altered to be available during these times. Also, in-home assessments (if possible) can be offered to participants who are unable to leave the home because of either childcare or health reasons. If in-home assessments are not possible, then transportation to and from the research offices or parking should be provided. Participants should feel that they are valued. Details such as providing them with a cold bottle of water, a light snack (if the interview is long), and financial compensation are ways that researchers can convey their appreciation for the inconvenience that study participation may entail.
Recommendation 8: Pilot Test Recruitment Materials and Methods
Pilot testing of recruitment materials and strategies with representatives of the target population or the CAB can also be quite helpful. It can provide information on the appropriateness and potential effectiveness of the recruitment methods and estimates of the response rates. The Institutional Review Board must approve all recruitment materials (flyers, brochures, etc.) and strategies (changes to study protocol, public service announcements, etc.) prior to pilot testing.