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Infant Observation: Creating Transformative Relationships

I INFANT OBSERVATIONIntroduction to infant observation: an infant's inner worldInfant observation in the tradition of Esther BickThe role of the observerInfant observation: an infant's inner worldReferencesInfant observation in psycho-analytic trainingThree years infant observation with Esther BickInitial stage—preparing for a new taskThe first observation—baby boy, twelve days oldObserver in relation to the seminarThe observer in relation to the familyFinding new identitiesObserver's identitySeminar members' sense of identityConcluding remarks on the first phase of the observation of baby until he is four months oldBaby and his family: the book as breastKnowledge used to allay anxieties about "broken connections"The relation of the observer to the family (middle phase, eight to sixteen months)Observer in relation to the seminarTraversing of catastrophic change: final phase when baby is twenty-two to thirty months and the new baby is one to eight monthsBeing the babySplitting loving and hating feelingsJealousy of the new baby spoiling all his relationshipsProjective identification with a grown-up daddyBeing "baby" with motherAllowing coupling to take placeSymbolic play used to enlist parents' help with anxiety-laden feelingsConclusionReferencesA feeding observation: from breast to finger food!Breast feedingFirst visit at nine days oldObservation at nineteen days (2)Observation at three weeks (3)Observation at four weeks (4)Observation at six weeks (6)WeaningObservation at fifteen weeks (15)Observation at eighteen weeks (16) after a two week's absence when I was on holidayObservation at nineteen weeks (four and three quarter months) (17)Observation at five months (18)Early solidsObservation at five months four days (19)Observation at just seven months (25)Observation at seven and a half months (27)Self-feedingObservation at sixteen months (59)Observation at sixteen and a half months (61)Observation at seventeen months (65)Observation at nearly twenty months (71)Final observation at twenty-three months (83)SummaryReferencesII SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS OF INFANT OBSERVATION AS A METHOD WITHIN PSYCHOANALYTIC TRAININGINTRODUCTION TO SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS OF INFANT OBSERVATIONWhat is learned in psychoanalysis that is helpful in infant observationThe role of infant observation in trainingThe infant's inner world and contribution to psychoanalytic theory of child developmentAn increased capacity for containing in the countertransferenceContribution to child and adult psychoanalysis and psychotherapyReferencesThe dangers and deprivations of too-good motheringThe too-good motherA too-good mother and her baby: beginnings, the end of merging, and self-weaningLouise and Janet at fifty weeks: sense of urgency and desireLouise at twelve to eighteen months: persecutionFollow-up: Louise at six years oldThe development of concern and securityThe alternative clinical outcome: permanent regression and mergerConclusionReferencesPremature twins on a neonatal intensive care unitIntroduction to the twinsLife on the intensive care baby unitObservingThe second weekThe fourth weekThe fifth weekThe sixth weekThe eighth weekThe ninth weekLife after the ICUConclusions: observation and constructionThe impact of observer on parents, baby, and unitReferencesA therapeutic application of infant observation in child psychiatryThe therapeutic teamThe work settingTiphanie (two years old)The therapeutic processTristan at nineteen monthsTristan at twenty monthsLucy at two yearsThe function of attentionReferencesIII RESEARCH IN INFANT OBSERVATIONINTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH IN INFANT OBSERVATIONThe shadow of ending: a retrospective qualitative research study of mothers' experience of infant observationMothers' experience of the observation and the observerConceptualisation of the researchThe mothers taking partLimitations and strengths of the studyThe findings of the study Researcher's reflections on the interviewsThe mothers' experience of the observation and the mother-observer relationshipIssues for further explorationReferencesInterview protocolIV PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS OF INFANT OBSERVATIONINTRODUCTION TO PROBLEMATIC ASPECTS OF INFANT OBSERVATIONMethods of observing and the uses and limits of understandingTransference and countertransferenceEthical issuesA critique of infant observationReferencesOn-going physical trauma in an infant observationFrances Thomson-SaloSetting the sceneThree to five months: early intuitions within a sense of not-knowingReflecting on psychotic anxietiesFive months onwards: the almost unthinkableEight to ten months: trying to contain the almost unbearableVisit of greatest concernTowards a more contained state"You're the victim of chaos—you help us keep our sanity"ReferencesThe mother-observer relationship: an examination of the participant role of the observer in mother-infant observationMy relationship with CarlaDiscussionReferencesMaternal disavowal in the face of abuse of an infant by her siblingThe nice kissThe breast-feedingManagement of KimRecognition and denialDiscussionReferenceV DEVELOPMENTS OF THE INFANT OBSERVATION MODELINTRODUCTION TO DEVELOPMENTS OF THE INFANT OBSERVATION MODELMultiple mothering in an Indian contextTwenty-two days—first visit: no space to thinkForty days old—mother turns to grandmother for supportSeven weeks—at her mother's houseTwo and three-quarter months—Playing with the babyThree and a half months—the baby is cared for with the aunt's supportThree and a three-quarter months—the weaningFour months—the weaning continuedFour and a half months—the weaning continuedTen months—development of his own selfOne year—growing independence: he joins the boysDiscussionThe early monthsThe weaningIndependenceReferencesRepresentations of mother in the daughter of a single, gay father I. Phase one (birth to three months): anxiety about who is Laura's motherDavid's mother and fatherThe surrogate mother, CindyThe babysitters, Ellie and WilmaDavidII. Phase two (three to fifteen months): there is no mommy; there is a good enough daddyIII. Phase three (fifteen to twenty-three months): the resurgence of representations of mother in David's mind and Laura's new awareness of mothersIV. Phase four: Laura asked, "Where is my mommy?" and David began to tell her storyReferencesStruggling with cultural prejudice while observing babies: socio-centric and egocentric positionsDifferent cultural universesSocio-centric and egocentric valuesMind-mindedness, attachment theory, and cultureMartin at six weeksRicky at eight weeksThree-year-old observedAttachment theory and cultureObservations of more socio-centric familiesCemal at eleven monthsExample from another cultureChloe at six daysChloe at eighteen weeksChloe at about forty-four weeksChloe at sixteen monthsDifferent cultures, different values, and psychological worldsConclusionReferencesAFTERWORDThe infant's relationships in infant observationAfterwordSELECTED MAJOR PAPERS AND BOOKS
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