Integrate migration and development into labour market policies

The Cambodian labour market is losing its low-skilled workers to emigration, especially from the agricultural sector, which is facing labour shortages. Better employment opportunities and higher wages in other countries are attracting many people from Cambodia. The IPPMD survey found government employment agencies and vocational training programmes were having limited impact on migration decisions, most probably because of their low take-up ratio and patchy coverage. This suggests the need to:

  • • Widen the activities of employment agencies to reach out to both current emigrants abroad and migrants who have returned to ensure they have information on and access to formal wage jobs. Building closer connections between the employment agencies and the private sector will be important for achieving this.
  • • Refine vocational training programmes to better target and match demand with supply. Mapping labour shortages and strengthening co-ordination mechanisms with the private sector are important steps. Training programmes can also be targeted at return migrants, to help them reintegrate into the labour market.
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