Community survey

In each of the 100 villages sampled, a community questionnaire was administered to a local government representative knowledgeable about the community and migration issues. the community surveys took place simultaneously with the household survey. team leaders conducted the interviews after village chiefs had finished the listing exercise for the household sampling.

the community survey included questions about the share of households that currently have a family member living in another country and their most common country of residence, as well as the most common occupations of those living in the community.

Stakeholder interviews

In order to capture a wide range of information and opinion on the topic of migration and sectoral policies, semi-structured interviews were conducted using a guide developed by the OECD.

The guide was divided into five topics:

  • 1. general awareness of migration
  • 2. actions, programmes and policies directly related to migration
  • 3. main actions, programmes and policies likely to have a link with migration
  • 4. perceptions of migration-related issues
  • 5. coordination with other stakeholders on migration.

Three versions of the discussion guide were developed, targeting representatives of three types of respondents: representatives of 1) state institutions, 2) international organisations and 3) local NGOs and academic institutions. Questions were modified according to whether the institution was working on migration issues directly or indirectly. All versions of the discussion guide were available both in Khmer and in English and were sent to respondents on request in advance of the interviews. The final 28 interviewees consisted of 9 representatives of public institutions, 6 from international organisations, and 13 from local NGOs or academic institutions (Table 3.3).

Table 3.3. Summary of interviewees for qualitative interviews, by type of organisation

Type of organisation

Number of interviews

Public institutions

9

International organisations

6

Local NGOs or academic institutions

13

Total

28

The OECD prepared a joint codebook based on preliminary analysis of the data from the ten IPPMD countries which was then used as a conceptual framework. The codebook includes general themes (main themes and subthemes) which are common to all countries taking part in the project, but left room for adding new themes specific to a country. All interview transcripts were coded according to the codebook and analysed. The results were then used in the analytical chapters to make sense of and complement the findings.

 
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