Key Terms

Critical industry sectors are those industries and business sectors that provide essential infrastructure support for economic activity that enables a country to function economically, politically, and socially.

Geotagging is the process of embedding global positioning system (GPS) coordinates in photographs taken using a smartphone or other GPS-capable device.

Insurgency is the organized use of subversion and violence to seize, nullify, or challenge political or economic control of a geographic region or to support isolated pockets of conflict across geographic regions.

Irregular warfare is a violent struggle among and between state and non-state actors for legitimacy and control over territories and relevant populations, with a loosely identifiable theater of war and fluid theater-warfare strategies.

Lessons learned process is a structured method of evaluating incidents or events and determining what individuals or organizations could have done better to deal with the situation, and transforming that lesson into positive actions through employee training, improving procedures, or improving mitigation methods or technology.

Social media warfare is the use of social media applications and related technologies by individuals, groups, or organizations to intentionally inflict harm on others.

Theater of war is generally defined by national and military commanders as the area of air, land, and water that is, or may become, directly involved in the conduct of major operations and campaigns involving combat.

Theater strategy is an overarching construct outlining a combatant commander’s vision for integrating and synchronizing military activities and operations with the other instruments of national power to achieve national strategic objectives.

Unconventional warfare involves operatives entering a country covertly and building relationships with local militia to train the militia in a variety of tactics, including subversion, sabotage, and intelligence collection. It also involves unconventional assisted recovery and covert paramilitary operations conducted by other agencies of a government.

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