From the Digital Archive to the Resource Enriched Via Semantic Web: Process of Editing a Cultural Heritage
Influencing the intelligibility of a heritage document
For years now, digital technology has been a major support for most content, particularly heritage material. With time, the digital document is subject to two major problems that alter its use: gaps of technological obsolescence and intelligibility [BAC 10a, p. 22]. The latter epitomizes the effect of the time that has gone by on the cultural legibility of archived content. Decontextualized, the archive loses its role as a receptacle for memory; it must therefore be interpreted to recover its intelligibility.
Fortified by the assessment of a sensitivity of the digital heritage document to the issue of the preservation of meaning, the question that stirs this research is oriented towards the possibilities for preserving the intelligibility of a digital document with heritage character. Joining the field of information science and communication, this research advances the hypothesis of the possibility to preserve the archive’s intelligibility by means of management of the archive’s content in a specific context: an architext.
Particular to the digital environment, content management is a “process consisting in the enlistment of resources to include them in a new publication” [BAC 07b, p. 21]. Parallel to its limited historical meaning, the term has recently taken on a wider meaning, henceforth designating “all the
Chapter written by Lenaik Leyoudec.
Collective Intelligence and Digital Archives: Towards Knowledge Ecosystems, First Edition. Edited by Samuel Szoniecky and Nasreddine Bouhai'.
© ISTE Ltd 2017. Published by ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
dynamics that produce the digital space” [VIT 16, p. 1]. Facing increasing adoption [VAL 15], the notion is taken here in its historical sense considering the operational role of the notion in this research.
Experiments are done on the content management process, considered in this light, in a specific context: an architext, created ex nihilo. Originating from the Greek arkhe, origin and commandment, the architext designates “the tools that allow for the existence of the ‘ecrit a l’ecran’ and that, not content with representing the text’s structure, orders its execution and realization” [SOU 03, p. 23]. The exploratory framework of the content management process applied to the archive therefore resides in an architext co-created in the context of the CIFRE convention. The architext takes the form of a technological device [BAC 07a] intended to lend heritage value to the private individual’s archive. The author joins a research process exuding editorial and ergonomic recommendations aimed at the architext, also becoming the object of a study with respect to its impact on the archive.
Within itself and experimentally, the planned content management process enlists the “data web”, taken as a network of linked, open information [GAN 11] able to be repatriated at the heart of a third technological device.
-  From the written text to the digital screen.