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Conservation and Promotion of Cultural Heritage in the Context of the Semantic Web

Introduction

Cultural heritage can be defined as the expression of the ways of life developed by a community and passed down from generation to generation, including traditions, practices, places, objects, artistic expressions and values [ICO 05]. Cultural heritage is characterized by two categories: the first is material cultural heritage, including movable cultural heritage (paintings, sculptures, coins, manuscripts, etc.), immovable cultural heritage (monuments, archaeological sites, etc.) and submarine cultural heritage (shipwrecks, underwater ruins and cities, etc.). The second category refers to immaterial cultural heritage (oral traditions, performing arts, rituals, etc.) [UNE 15].

Modeling knowledge in a cultural heritage domain is multidisciplinary and requires recourse to experts from both the computer domain and the domain in question [BOU 10]. Furthermore, there are several knowledge resources and models that should be considered to guarantee a high level of interoperability with other information systems in the domain.

Chapter written by Ashraf Amad and Nasreddine Bouhai.

Collective Intelligence and Digital Archives: Towards Knowledge Ecosystems, First Edition. Edited by Samuel Szoniecky and Nasreddine Bouhai'.

© ISTE Ltd 2017. Published by ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

In this chapter, we will present several knowledge resources, common difficulties and the possible solutions that we have studied in the literature, or propose in the scope of our research.

These solutions can be considered by cultural heritage documentation and promotion projects in the context of the semantic web. Several elements will be used to illustrate the ideas presented. To start with, we will present necessary theoretical elements before going into the problems and possible solutions.

 
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