In the museum domain, LIDO[1] is a metadata norm based on XML[2] and used to facilitate the harvesting of data on museum objects. LIDO is optimized for metadata exchange between museum institutions and data aggregators [MER 12].

The data providers who use LIDO as an exchange format and who conform to the OAI-PMH[3] protocol are compatible with the metadata aggregator Europeana, as the metadata model used by Europeana, called EDM[4], is compatible with LIDO [EUR 13].

For example, by using LIDO, we can describe the Mona Lisa with a type compatible with Europeana, as illustrated in Figure 6.2.



Figure 6.2. LIDO use with Europeana elements

LIDO is capable of providing descriptive metadata on several aspects of a museum object, including its classification, identification, measurements, history, condition, documentation, digital representations, etc. Moreover, LIDO provides administrative metadata on the objects and collections in a museum. Different types of museums can use LIDO, including museums of art, architecture, natural history, etc. Figure 6.3 presents an example of using LIDO to describe the painter of the Mona Lisa.


* ... т


... dido:genderActor>male

Figure 6.3. An example of LIDO use

  • [1] Lightweight Information Describing Objects.
  • [2] Extensible Markup Language.
  • [3] Open Archives Initiative - Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.
  • [4] Europeana Data Model.
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