Research context: KM and innovation process
Jean Lamour Institute
Since January 1, 2009, the primary research laboratories in Lorraine in the domain of material science and nanotechnologies have come together to form the Jean Lamour Institute (IJL), named after the famous 18th Century blacksmith, ornamental ironworker, and creator of the iron gates in the Place Stanislas in Nancy.
The IJL is a Mixed Research Unit (or UMR in French) with a staff of approximately 550 researchers from the University of Lorraine and the CNRS, its two administrative overseers. It is one of the best European centers in the domains of material science and engineering.
The IJL aims to practice fundamental research activities and ensure the spread of their results. Like all MRUs, the IJL also performs technology transfer activities, which allows it to allocate funds to its fundamental research projects. In this way, the IJL perfectly matches the definition of a research organization made in the RDI framework (article 2.2.d).
The IJL essentially develops four large research domains:
- - Surface engineering, particularly for those of the most fundamental concepts, on the one hand, and for what affects clean, safe elaboration, preparation and surface coating procedures, on the other hand;
- - The nanosciences relevant to electronics, information and communication technologies, catalysis, or clean energy generation, and those whose study calls on solid physics and chemistry as well as crystallography;
- - Metallurgy, which gathers studies involving structure materials and studies of procedure engineering, of mechanics, and of the physical chemistry of complex inorganic materials, in terms of both surface and volume;
- - Thermonuclear fusion sciences (plasma turbulence, plasma-wall interaction and reactor structure), plasma applications, for example, spatially.
A fifth domain is currently emerging: materials from biomasses or elaborated and/or functionalized for living organisms.
The IJL also concentrates on scientific challenges concerning structure materials, their elaboration and treatment processes, microstructures and properties, all while integrating sustainable development. These challenges fall under material physics and chemistry as well as the elaboration and study of innovative materials and products.
Furthermore, the gathering of the institute’s forces offers a unique chance to open the field of research to new subjects that appear in the future on the horizon of 2020: materials under extreme conditions, biology-matter interface (molecular grafting, nanodevices for bio-informatics, bio-inspired materials, etc.), architecture of carbon compounds, intensive use of digital calculations for predictive metallurgy, application of metallurgical processes for sustainable development issues, etc.