Conceptual modeling for innovation: technological transfer
This aspect is a return on experience with the constitution of a schema for the IJL’s conceptual model for technological cooperation and innovation. The main stake of this process is to have access to a conceptual reference that models every activity of the institute’s research teams.
In the course of KM, having a conceptual reference is indispensible for several reasons: (1) tt reports a T0 (i.e. time zero) instant of the state of the IJL’s fundamental research to compare the evolution of the themes; (2) the tool also serves to analyze the industrial needs for R&D to determine what teams can be asked to respond to these needs; and, finally, (3) in the course of innovation, this tool allows the possibility of becoming engaged in a product innovation project to be determined, taking into account what exists internally in terms of skills and instruments, thereby allowing a feasibility prognosis to be presented. Through this, we regard ourselves as approach experimenters in the field of KM.
Our process breaks down in the following way:
- 1) Collection of tacit data and constitution of a cartography of the skills and instrumental heritage of the institute, established through the realization of an IS dedicated to actors outside the IJL (actors in economic development, innovation networks, scientific communities, interest groups from social networks, etc.). This IS is the result of the MASK method. The information it contains comes notably from a semi-directive questionnaire and specific interviews with the heads of different departments at the Institute. The IS represents the digital version of the Book of Knowledge, the main deliverable of the MASK method. Furthermore, it possesses indexing and reindexing functionalities through use, allowing detailed research to be conducted (contents and user activities), which we will see later.
- 2) Extraction of explicit trade information through NLP. We have thus preferred to work on a corpus of homogeneous information rather than processing a heterogeneous corpus (bibliographic database from a laboratory, patents, scientific articles, etc.). The whole laboratory must undergo a national evaluation policy that analyzes the evolution of the structure over a period of 4 years. The report resulting from this obligation represents a sort of Book of Knowledge of the MASK method: this document reports advances in scientific research in a precise manner. The use of ALP tools for information extraction through this evaluation report allows a specialty class hierarchy and the associated concepts or C space to be obtained.
- 3) The use of NLP tools for information extraction through this evaluation report allows a specialty class hierarchy of knowledge and the associated concepts or C spaces to be obtained.
- 4) Reusing of the tree view obtained in (3) allows precise re-indexing complementary to the information presented in our IS, on the one hand [SID 14c] and an enrichment of the K space, on the other hand.