“Polyfunctionalities” favoring strategic observation
As we mentioned in the general introduction of this chapter, the linguistic resources and their associated processes (indexing and KO and representation using NP structures) created to build the domain class hierarchy of knowledge tend to serve several ISs to optimize strategic observation. Thus, by considering this class hierarchy to be a reference work in the domain, this tool can be used in several ways:
- - In KM, it offers a state of knowledge and the advances in the research task from an instant, T, that can then be compared to T+1 in evaluation logic systems. The differential that exists between this reference work and the new scientific or technological branches that are added to this also allow the evolution of the laboratory to be determined and indicators to be given to the structure’s administrative organizations;
- - In innovation process (IP), our method makes a dynamic tool available that identifies the know-how and skills in the framework of innovative projets. It can therefore respond to questions of R&D project feasibility by defining the laboratory’s field of action in terms of both the knowledge it possesses and the know-how and equipment when resolving complex problems. Finally, it helps identify the missing skills and can thus increase the aim for external, supplementary skills in the process of creating a chain of partner value;
- - Finally, in strategic observation (SO), the linguistic resources, cognitive grammars and their associated processes implemented specifically for this study allow the detection and treatment of weak signals (WS) of a theme in material science. Dictionaries and grammars can actually be applied quite easily to the analysis of reference works (bibliographies, open resources, opinion polls, etc.) in order to determine the new fields of scientific research in a given sub-theme.