Section A Occupational Safety and Health

For an extended period of time, occupational safety and health (OSH) has been viewed as a separate discipline, but its credibility has been enhanced by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. The intent of this discipline is centered upon providing America's workforce a safe and healthy workplace free from hazards. This section is intent upon providing a background upon which safety and health can be folded in as an integral part of the business model.

The contents of this section are as follows:

Chapter 1—Introduction Chapter 2—History Chapter 3—Hazards Chapter 4—Occupational Safety Chapter 5—Occupational Health


In order to understand why occupational safety and health (OSH) is an area of concern and relevant to the operation of a business or industry, the why is best explained by becoming familiar with why so much emphasis is placed on the development of OSH as a critical part of the business environment.

Why businesses address OSH is as important as how they achieve an effective safety and health effort. Every business must have a reason to address OSH as well as why each component or element of the safety and health initiative or program is undertaken.

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