Components of a Safety and Health Program
A listing of the potential components that a successful safety and health program comprises is as follows:
- 1. Safety and health program management
- 2. Inspections and job observations
- 3. Illness and injury investigations
- 4. Task analysis
- 5. Training
- 6. Personal protection
- 7. Communication/promotion of safety and health
- 8. Personal perception
- 9. Off-the-job safety and health
This is only a representative list that could be either expanded or consolidated depending upon the unique needs of the company/contractor. Safety and health programs should be tailored to meet individual requirements.
Evaluative Questions Regarding Safety and Health Programs
This section will break down these components into subparts or subelements by using a questioning approach as the mechanism to draw attention to the intricacies of a safety and health program.
These breakdown and questions, which should guide your evaluation and/or development of a successful safety and health program, are as follows:
1. Safety and Health Program Management
a. Is there a safety policy signed and dated by top management?
b. Is there someone responsible for safety and health?
c. Does a safety and health manual or handbook exist?
d. Is there a set time devoted to safety and health during management meetings?
e. Are employees encouraged to participate in the safety and health program?
f. Are there safety and health rules and regulations for employees and specific jobs?
g. Is there a discipline policy for disobeying safety and health rules?
h. Are safety and health rules enforced and violators disciplined?
i. Who is held accountable for safety and health?
j. Are there special goals for safety and health?
2. Inspections/Job Observations
i. Are safety and health inspections conducted?
ii. How often are inspections conducted?
iii. Are unsafe conditions or hazards found and corrected immediately?
iv. Is equipment inspected?
v. Is equipment maintained?
vi. Is there a preventive maintenance program? vii. Are housekeeping inspections conducted?
viii. Is housekeeping maintained?
ix. Does monitoring occur for health hazards?
x. Are written inspection reports completed?
xi. Are inspection reports disseminated?
b. Job observations
i. Are job observations done?
ii. Who does job observations?
iii. Do job observations result in new work practices, workplace design, training, retraining, tasks analysis, Job Safety Analysis (JSA), or Safe Operating Procedures (SOPs)?
iv. Are job observations done for punitive reasons?
3. Illness and Injury Investigations
a. Are employees encouraged to report hazards and accidents?
b. Are all incidents involving illness or injury investigated?
c. Have written reports been generated for all incidents?
d. Are preventive recommendations being implemented?
e. Do employees review incident reports?
f. Are incident data analyzed to determine illness or injury trends and damage experience?
4. Task Analysis
a. Do inspections, job observations, and incident investigations result in a task analysis?
b. Do task analyses result in changes in work practices or workplace design?
c. Does task analysis facilitate the development of JSAs or SOPs?
d. Does task analysis result in new training or retraining?
a. Do all employees receive safety and health training?
b. Do employees receive site-specific training?
c. Are employees given job-specific or task-specific training?
d. Is training well planned and organized?
e. Do both classroom and on-the-job training (OJT) or job instruction training (JIT) training occur?
f. Is refresher training conducted?
g. Do management and supervisors receive safety and health training?
h. Are training records maintained?
6. Personal Protection
a. Does the work require personal protective equipment (PPE)?
b. Is the proper PPE available? c. Have employees been trained in the use of PPE?
d. Do you need a respirator program (29 CFR 1910.134)?
e. Should you follow the requirements for handling hazardous waste (29 CFR 1910.120)?
f. Are the rules and use of PPE enforced?
7. Communication/Promotion of Safety and Health
i. Is safety and health visible?
ii. Are company/contractor safety and health goals communicated?
iii. Are safety and health meetings held (i.e., toolbox)?
iv. Do safety and health talks convey relevant information?
v. Are personal safety and health contacts made?
vi. Are bulletin boards used to communicate safety and health issues?
vii. Do those responsible for safety and health request feedback?
viii. Are safety and health suggestions given consideration and/or used?
ix. Are supervisors interested in safety and health?
i. Is there an award/incentive program tied to safety and health?
ii. Are safety and health exhibits or posters used?
iii. Are paycheck stuffers used?
8. Personal Perception
a. Does the company/contractor extend considerable effort to assure an effective safety and health program?
b. Do supervisors support and enforce all aspects of the safety and health program?
c. Do most employees insist on doing all tasks in a safe and healthy manner?
9. Off-the-Job Safety and Health
a. Is off-the-job safety and health promoted as part of the total safety and health program?
b. Does the company/contractor provide a wellness/fitness program?
c. Does the company/contractor foster and encourage healthier lifestyles?
d. Does the company/contractor support an employee assistance program?